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Title: Bird Communities in Amazonian White-Sand Vegetation Patches: Effects of Landscape Configuration and Biogeographic Context
Authors: Borges, Sérgio Henrique
Cornelius, Cintia
Moreira, Marcelo P.
Ribas, Camila Cherem
Conh-Haft, Mario
Capurucho, João Marcos Guimarães
Vargas, Claudeir Ferreira
Almeida, Ricardo Afonso
Keywords: Abundance
Landscape Ecology
Neotropical Region
Population Distribution
Species Diversity
Species-area Relationship
Subtropical Region
Acre [brazil]
Rio Branco [acre]
Rio Negro [south America]
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 48, Número 1, Pags. 121-131
Abstract: Vegetation growing on white-sand soils is patchily distributed across the Amazon and is characterized by scrublands or open vegetation types (white-sand campinas) and by forests (white-sand forests) surrounded by contrasting habitat types. We studied birds in patches of white-sand campinas in contrasting landscapes in four regions located in distinct biogeographic units delimited by major rivers. Our aim was to investigate the contribution of landscape configuration and biogeographic context to patterns of species diversity and distribution. Aracá and Viruá landscapes (on opposite sides of Rio Branco) are composed by large and continuous patches of white-sand campinas, while Jaú, Novo Airão and Uatumã landscapes (on opposite sides of Rio Negro) are composed by small patches of white-sand campinas isolated by continuous terra firme forests. Birds were sampled using mist-nets and qualitative censuses, and were classified as white-sand vegetation specialists or non-specialists. Bird species diversity was significantly different among studied regions, and composition was significantly different for both, specialists and non-specialists birds. Local variability in species diversity and composition was best explained by white-sand campina area, patch proximity, and distance to major rivers. We conclude that landscape configuration and biogeographical context influence patterns of bird diversity, abundance, and composition in Amazonian white-sand campinas. © 2016 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/btp.12296
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