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dc.contributor.authorFearnside, Philip Martin-
dc.description.abstractWhen carbon credit is granted for projects that would occur irrespective of any subsidy based on mitigation of global warming, the projects generate “hot air,” or credit without a real climate benefit. This is the case for tropical hydroelectric dams, which are now a major destination for funds under the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The countries that purchase the credit generated by dams can emit more greenhouse gases without their being offset by genuine mitigation. The limited funds available for mitigation are also wasted on subsidizing dams that would be built anyway. Tropical dams also emit substantially more greenhouse gases than are recognized in CDM accounting procedures. Tropical hydroelectric emissions are also undercounted in national inventories of greenhouse gases under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, giving them a role in undermining the effectiveness of as-yet undecided emission limits. Brazil’s Santo Antônio Dam, now under construction on the Madeira River, provides a concrete example indicating the need for reform of CDM regulations by eliminating credit for hydroelectric dams. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.en
dc.relation.ispartofVolume 131, Número 4, Pags. 575-589pt_BR
dc.subjectClimate Changeen
dc.subjectEmission Controlen
dc.subjectEnvironmental Regulationsen
dc.subjectGlobal Warmingen
dc.subjectGreenhouse Gasesen
dc.subjectInternational Cooperationen
dc.subjectIonization Of Gasesen
dc.subjectAccounting Proceduresen
dc.subjectCarbon Creditsen
dc.subjectCdm Regulationsen
dc.subjectClean Development Mechanismen
dc.subjectEmission Limitsen
dc.subjectHydroelectric Damsen
dc.subjectKyoto Protocolen
dc.subjectUnited Nations Framework Convention On Climate Changesen
dc.subjectHydroelectric Power Plantsen
dc.subjectClean Development Mechanismen
dc.subjectEmission Inventoryen
dc.subjectGlobal Warmingen
dc.subjectGreenhouse Gasen
dc.subjectHydroelectric Poweren
dc.subjectKyoto Protocolen
dc.subjectSubsidy Systemen
dc.subjectUnited Nations Framework Convention On Climate Changeen
dc.subjectMadeira Riveren
dc.subjectSanto Antonio De Goiasen
dc.titleTropical hydropower in the clean development mechanism: Brazil’s Santo Antônio Dam as an example of the need for changeen
dc.publisher.journalClimatic Changept_BR
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