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Title: CTFS-ForestGEO: A worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change
Authors: Anderson-Teixeira, Kristina J.
Davies, Stuart James
Bennett, Amy C.
González-Akre, Erika B.
Muller-Landau, Helene C.
Wright, Stuart Joseph
Salim, Kamariah Abu
Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica M.
Alonso, Alfonso
Baltzer, Jennifer L.
Basset, Yves
Bourg, Norman A.
Broadbent, Eben N.
Brockelman, Warren Y.
Bunyavejchewin, Sarayudh
Burslem, David F.R.P.
Butt, Nathalie
Cao, Min
Cárdenas, Dairón
Chuyong, George Bindeh
Clay, Keith
Cordell, Susan
Dattaraja, Handanakere Shavaramaiah
Deng, Xiaobao
Detto, Matteo
Du, Xiaojun
Duque M, Alvaro J.
Erikson, David L.
Ewango, Corneille E.N.
Fischer, Gunter Alexander
Fletcher, Christine Dawn
Foster, Robin B.
Giardina, Christian P.
Gilbert, Gregory S.
Gunatilleke, Nimal I.A.U.
Gunatilleke, Savitri C.V.
Hao, Zhanqing
Hargrove, William W.
Hart, Terese B.
Hau, Billy Chi Hang
He, Fangliang
Hoffman, Forrest M.
Howe, Robert W.
Hubbell, Stephen P.
Inman-Narahari, Faith M.
Jansen, Patrick A.
Jiang, Mingxi
Johnson, Daniel J.
Kanzaki, Mamoru
Kassim, Abd Rahman
Kenfack, David
Kibet, Staline
Kinnaird, Margaret F.
Korte, Lisa M.
Král, Kamil
Kumar, Jitendra
Larson, Andrew J.
Li, Yide
Li, Xiankun
Liu, Shirong
Lum, Shawn Kaihekulani Yamauchi
Lutz, James A.
Ma, Keping
Maddalena, Damian M.
Makana, Jean Rémy
Malhi, Yadvinder Singh
Marthews, Toby R.
Mat Serudin, Rafizah
McMahon, Sean M.
McShea, William J.
Memiaghe, Hervé R.
Mi, Xiangcheng
Mizuno, Takashi
Morecroft, Michael D.
Myers, Jonathan A.
Novotný, Vojt?ch
Oliveira, Alexandre Adalardo de
Ong, Perry Sim
Orwig, David A.
Ostertag, Rebecca
den Ouden, Jan H.B.
Parker, Geoffrey G.
Phillips, Richard P.
Sack, Lawren
Sainge, Moses Nsanyi
Sang, Weiguo
Sri-Ngernyuang, Kriangsak
Sukumar, Raman
Sun, I. Fang
Sungpalee, Witchaphart
Suresh, Hebbalalu Sathyanarayana
Tan, Sylvester Kheng San
Thomas, Sean C.
Thomas, Duncan W.
Thompson, Jill
Turner, Benjamin L.
Uríarte, Ma?ia
Valencia, Renato L.
Vallejo, Martha Isabel
Vicentini, Alberto
Vrška, Tomáš
Wang, Xihua
Wang, Xugao
Weiblen, George D.
Wolf, Amy T.
Xu, Han
Yap, Sandra L.
Zimmerman, Jess K.
Keywords: Biodiversity
Ecosystem Response
Ecosystem Service
Forest Dynamics
Forest Ecosystem
Global Change
Habitat Fragmentation
Spatial Analysis
Climate Change
Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Protection
Climate Change
Conservation Of Natural Resources
Environmental Monitoring
Issue Date: 2015
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Global Change Biology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 21, Número 2, Pags. 528-549
Abstract: Global change is impacting forests worldwide, threatening biodiversity and ecosystem services including climate regulation. Understanding how forests respond is critical to forest conservation and climate protection. This review describes an international network of 59 long-term forest dynamics research sites (CTFS-ForestGEO) useful for characterizing forest responses to global change. Within very large plots (median size 25 ha), all stems ≥1 cm diameter are identified to species, mapped, and regularly recensused according to standardized protocols. CTFS-ForestGEO spans 25°S-61°N latitude, is generally representative of the range of bioclimatic, edaphic, and topographic conditions experienced by forests worldwide, and is the only forest monitoring network that applies a standardized protocol to each of the world's major forest biomes. Supplementary standardized measurements at subsets of the sites provide additional information on plants, animals, and ecosystem and environmental variables. CTFS-ForestGEO sites are experiencing multifaceted anthropogenic global change pressures including warming (average 0.61 °C), changes in precipitation (up to ±30% change), atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur compounds (up to 3.8 g N m-2 yr-1 and 3.1 g S m-2 yr-1), and forest fragmentation in the surrounding landscape (up to 88% reduced tree cover within 5 km). The broad suite of measurements made at CTFS-ForestGEO sites makes it possible to investigate the complex ways in which global change is impacting forest dynamics. Ongoing research across the CTFS-ForestGEO network is yielding insights into how and why the forests are changing, and continued monitoring will provide vital contributions to understanding worldwide forest diversity and dynamics in an era of global change. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/gcb.12712
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