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Title: Responses of primates to landscape change in amazonian land-bridge islands-a multi-scale analysis
Authors: Benchimol, Maíra
Venticinque, Eduardo Martins
Keywords: Community Dynamics
Community Response
Ecological Impact
Habitat Fragmentation
Habitat Loss
Habitat Structure
Hydroelectric Power Plant
Isolation Effect
Land Bridge
Landscape Change
Landscape Ecology
Species Conservations
Species Richness
Cebus Apella
Issue Date: 2014
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biotropica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 46, Número 4, Pags. 470-478
Abstract: Large hydroelectric dams are one of the current drivers of habitat loss across Amazonian forests. We investigated how the primate community at a hydroelectric dam in Brazilian Amazonia responded to changes in the landscape and local habitat structure of land-bridge islands after 21 yr of post-isolation history. The Balbina Dam, constructed in 1986, inundated 3129 km2 of primary forests and created more than 3500 variable-sized islands. We conducted primate and habitat structure surveys on 20 islands from 5 to 1815 ha, and extracted forest patch and landscape metrics for each island. The number of primate species per island varied between 0 and 7 species. Primate composition varied substantially according to both island area and forest cover remaining within the landscape, whereas island area alone was the most significant predictor of richness. Locally, tree density and vertical stratification were the most significant explanatory variables of primate composition and richness. A model containing area effects had the most explanatory power regarding site occupancy for most species. Individually, each species responded differently, with howler and brown capuchin monkeys showing greater tolerance to cope with habitat changes. Body size was also an important predictor of primate occupancy. We recommend protecting large fragments and enhancing the suitability of surrounding habitats to ensure primate conservation in most Neotropical fragmented landscapes. Given the flat topography of hydroelectric reservoirs, which mainly favors the formation of small islands, and the escalating hydropower development plans in Amazonia, our findings provide evidence for pervasive detrimental impacts of dams on primate communities. © 2014 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/btp.12122
Appears in Collections:Artigos

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