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Title: Long-term performance and herbivory of tree seedlings planted into primary and secondary forests of Central Amazonia
Authors: Benítez-Malvido, Julieta
Martínez-Ramos, Miguel
Keywords: Dicotyledon
Environmental Factor
Growth Rate
Habitat Type
Native Species
Secondary Forest
Issue Date: 2013
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Tropical Ecology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 29, Número 4, Pags. 301-311
Abstract: Plant survival and growth in tropical rain forest are affected by different biotic and abiotic forces. As time elapses and plants grow the relative importance of such forces as regeneration inhibitors and/or facilitators may change according to habitat and species. To detect within- and among-species divergences in performance over time in different habitats we followed, for nearly a decade, the survival, growth and herbivory of seedlings of the native tree species: Chrysophyllum pomiferum, Micropholis venulosa and Pouteria caimito. In Central Amazonia, young seedlings were planted into old-growth and secondary forests dominated by Vismia spp. One year after planting, C. pomiferum ranked first (i.e. fast growth, fewer dead and less herbivory) for both habitats, followed by M. venulosa and P. caimito. Initial trends changed over time. In the long term, M. venulosa ranked first for both habitats, followed by C. pomiferum and P. caimito ranked consistently lowest. Within-species divergences in growth and herbivory were greater in secondary forest. Initial seedling responses cannot always be used to predict species persistence in the long term. Contrary to previous estimations, old-growth-forest species can persist under Vismia spp. stands, at least when planted. © Cambridge University Press 2013.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1017/S026646741300031X
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