Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Forest fires in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia: Estimates of area and potential carbon emissions|
|Authors:||Vasconcelos, Sumaia Saldanha de|
Fearnside, Philip Martin
Graça, Paulo Maurício Lima Alencastro de
Nogueira, Euler Melo
Oliveira, Luís Cláudio de
Figueiredo, Evandro Orfanó
Landsat Thematic Mapper
|metadata.dc.publisher.journal:||Forest Ecology and Management|
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 291, Pags. 199-208|
|Abstract:||Areas affected by forest fires that occurred in 2005 were mapped in the municipalities of Boca do Acre and Lábrea (in the southern part of Brazil's state of Amazonas) and estimates were made of the loss of biomass and carbon stock and the committed emissions from increased tree mortality due to fire. Fire scars observed on Landsat-5 TM satellite images from 2004 to 2006 were visually interpreted and digitized; over 865.6km2 of forest affected by fire were mapped, the majority (2.9% of the total forest cover) concentrated along the southern edges of the municipalities, which border on the states of Rondônia and Acre. The greatest loss of biomass due to the increase in tree mortality was indicated by the survey made 4years after the fires: 4.5×106Mg total (above+below-ground) and 3.7×106Mg (only above-ground). Consequently, 2.2×106MgC (total) and 1.8×106MgC (above-ground) of potential carbon emissions were committed from the initial burn of forest biomass and from trees killed by the fire. Emissions occur both through oxidation of dead biomass by decomposition or through combustion in subsequent fire events. Our results indicate that fires can affect extensive tracts of forest and can emit significant amounts of carbon to the atmosphere in periods of drought. Fire plays a significant role as a threat to the biological balance of the forest and causes loss of biomass and emission of greenhouse gases that have critical implications for the future of forests in the Amazon. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.