Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/17906
Title: On the delineation of tropical vegetation types with an emphasis on forest/savanna transitions
Authors: Torello-Raventos, Mireia
Feldpausch, Ted R.
Veenendaal, Elmar M.
Schrodt, Franziska
Saiz, Gustavo
null, Tomas
Djagbletey, Gloria Djaney
Ford, Andrew J.
Kemp, Jeanette E.
Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes
Marimon Júnior, Ben Hur
Lenza, Eddie
Ratter, James Alexander
Maracahipes, Leandro
Sasaki, Denise
Sonké, Bonaventure
Zapfack, Louis
Taedoumg, Hermann E.
Villarroel, Daniel
Schwarz, Michael
Quesada, Carlos Alberto
Yoko Ishida, F.
Nardoto, G. B.
Affum-Baffoe, Kofi
Arroyo, Luzmila P.
Bowman, David M.J.S.
Compaoré, Halidou
Davies, Kalu
Diallo, Adama
Fyllas, Nikolaos M.
Gilpin, Martin
Hien, Fidèle
Johnson, Michelle O.
Killeen, Timothy J.
Metcalfe, Daniel J.
Miranda, Heloísa Sinátora
Steininger, Marc K.
Thomson, John
S?kora, Karlè V.
Mougin, Éric
Hiernaux, Pierre H.Y.
Bird, Michael I.
Grace, John
Lewis, Simon L.
Phillips, Oliver L.
Lloyd, Jon
Issue Date: 2013
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Plant Ecology and Diversity
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 6, Número 1, Pags. 101-137
Abstract: Background: There is no generally agreed classification scheme for the many different vegetation formation types occurring in the tropics. This hinders cross-continental comparisons and causes confusion as words such as 'forest' and 'savanna' have different meanings to different people. Tropical vegetation formations are therefore usually imprecisely and/or ambiguously defined in modelling, remote sensing and ecological studies.Aims: To integrate observed variations in tropical vegetation structure and floristic composition into a single classification scheme.Methods: Using structural and floristic measurements made on three continents, discrete tropical vegetation groupings were defined on the basis of overstorey and understorey structure and species compositions by using clustering techniques.Results: Twelve structural groupings were identified based on height and canopy cover of the dominant upper stratum and the extent of lower-strata woody shrub cover and grass cover. Structural classifications did not, however, always agree with those based on floristic composition, especially for plots located in the forest-savanna transition zone. This duality is incorporated into a new tropical vegetation classification scheme.Conclusions: Both floristics and stand structure are important criteria for the meaningful delineation of tropical vegetation formations, especially in the forest/savanna transition zone. A new tropical vegetation classification scheme incorporating this information has been developed. © 2013 Copyright 2013 Botanical Society of Scotland and Taylor & Francis.
URI: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/17906
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1080/17550874.2012.762812
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