Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/17971
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dc.contributor.authorBarnett, Adrian Ashton-
dc.contributor.authorBoyle, Sarah Ann-
dc.contributor.authorNorconk, Marilyn A.-
dc.contributor.authorPalminteri, Suzanne-
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Ricardo Rodrigues dos-
dc.contributor.authorVeiga, Liza M.-
dc.contributor.authorAlvim, Thiago H G-
dc.contributor.authorBowler, Mark T.-
dc.contributor.authorChism, Janice L.-
dc.contributor.authorDi Fiore, Anthony-
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Duque, Eduardo-
dc.contributor.authorGuimarães, Ana C. P.-
dc.contributor.authorHarrison-Levine, Amy-
dc.contributor.authorHaugaasen, Torbjørn-
dc.contributor.authorLehman, Shawn M.-
dc.contributor.authorMacKinnon, Katherine C.-
dc.contributor.authorMelo, Fabiano Rodrigues de-
dc.contributor.authorMoreira, Leandro Santana-
dc.contributor.authorMoura, Viviane Sodré-
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Carson R.-
dc.contributor.authorPinto, Líliam Patrícia-
dc.contributor.authorPort-Carvalho, Marcio-
dc.contributor.authorSetz, Eleonore Zulnara Freire-
dc.contributor.authorShaffer, Christopher A.-
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Lívia Rodrigues da-
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Suleima do Socorro Bastos da-
dc.contributor.authorSoares, Rafaela F.-
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Cynthia L.-
dc.contributor.authorVieira, Tatiana Martins-
dc.contributor.authorVreedzaam, Arioene-
dc.contributor.authorWalker-Pacheco, Suzanne E.-
dc.contributor.authorSpironello, Wilson Roberto-
dc.contributor.authorMacLarnon, Ann M.-
dc.contributor.authorFerrari, Stephen Francis-
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-15T21:50:34Z-
dc.date.available2020-06-15T21:50:34Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/17971-
dc.description.abstractNeotropical monkeys of the genera Cacajao, Chiropotes, and Pithecia (Pitheciidae) are considered to be highly arboreal, spending most of their time feeding and traveling in the upper canopy. Until now, the use of terrestrial substrates has not been analyzed in detail in this group. Here, we review the frequency of terrestrial use among pitheciin taxa to determine the ecological and social conditions that might lead to such behavior. We collated published and unpublished data from 14 taxa in the three genera. Data were gleaned from 53 published studies (including five on multiple pitheciin genera) and personal communications of unpublished data distributed across 31 localities. Terrestrial activity was reported in 61% of Pithecia field studies (11 of 18), in 34% of Chiropotes studies (10 of 29), and 36% of Cacajao studies (4 of 11). Within Pithecia, terrestrial behavior was more frequently reported in smaller species (e.g. P. pithecia) that are vertical clingers and leapers and make extensive use of the understory than in in the larger bodied canopy dwellers of the western Amazon (e.g. P. irrorata). Terrestrial behavior in Pithecia also occurred more frequently and lasted longer than in Cacajao or Chiropotes. An apparent association was found between flooded habitats and terrestrial activity and there is evidence of the development of a "local pattern" of terrestrial use in some populations. Seasonal fruit availability also may stimulate terrestrial behavior. Individuals also descended to the ground when visiting mineral licks, escaping predators, and responding to accidents such as a dropped infant. Overall, the results of this review emphasize that terrestrial use is rare among the pitheciins in general and is usually associated with the exploitation of specific resources or habitat types. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.en
dc.language.isoenpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofVolume 74, Número 12, Pags. 1106-1127pt_BR
dc.rightsRestrito*
dc.subjectActivity Patternen
dc.subjectArboreal Speciesen
dc.subjectBehavioral Ecologyen
dc.subjectData Acquisitionen
dc.subjectFloodingen
dc.subjectFood Availabilityen
dc.subjectFruiten
dc.subjectHabitat Typeen
dc.subjectHabitat Useen
dc.subjectNeotropical Regionen
dc.subjectPrimateen
dc.subjectSubstrateen
dc.subjectTerrestrial Environmenten
dc.subjectUnderstoryen
dc.subjectAnimalsen
dc.subjectBehavior, Animalsen
dc.subjectEcosystemen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectPitheciidaeen
dc.subjectPredationen
dc.subjectSeasonen
dc.subjectSouth Americaen
dc.subjectAnimalen
dc.subjectBehavior, Animalsen
dc.subjectEcosystemen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectPitheciidaeen
dc.subjectPredatory Behavioren
dc.subjectSeasonsen
dc.subjectSouth Americaen
dc.subjectAmazoniaen
dc.subjectCacajaoen
dc.subjectChiropotesen
dc.subjectHaplorhinien
dc.subjectPithecia Pitheciaen
dc.subjectPithecia Irrorataen
dc.subjectPithecia Pitheciaen
dc.subjectPitheciidaeen
dc.subjectPrimatesen
dc.titleTerrestrial Activity in Pitheciins (Cacajao, Chiropotes, and Pithecia)en
dc.typeArtigopt_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ajp.22068-
dc.publisher.journalAmerican Journal of Primatologypt_BR
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