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Título: Distinct roles of savanna and forest tree species in regeneration under fire suppression in a Brazilian savanna
Autor: Geiger, Erika L.
Gotsch, Sybil G.
Damasco, Gabriel
Haridasan, Mundayatan
Franco, Augusto C.
Hoffmann, William Arthur
Palavras-chave: Basal Area
Fire Management
Forest Edge
Forest Fires
Leaf Area Index
Population Density
Species Diversity
Species Occurrence
Tropical Environment
Vegetation Structure
Data do documento: 2011
Revista: Journal of Vegetation Science
É parte de: Volume 22, Número 2, Pags. 312-321
Abstract: Questions: Has fire suppression relaxed barriers to the exchange of species between savanna and forest? Do all species or a subset of species participate in this exchange? Would current vegetation structure persist if fire suppression were to cease? Location: A gallery forest edge in the Cerrado region of central Brazil that burned only once in the past 35 years. Methods: Density of tree seedlings, saplings and adults, leaf area index (LAI), tree basal area and diameter were surveyed in 12, 10m × 70m transects centred on and perpendicular to the forest-savanna boundary. Community composition was assessed using non-metric multi-dimensional scaling (NMDS). Results: Basal area and LAI declined substantially from forest to savanna, with an associated shift in species composition. Savanna tree species were nearly absent in the forest, but accounted for the majority of stems in the savanna. In contrast, forest species comprised 14% of adults and more than one-third of juveniles in the savanna. Despite the high diversity of trees (85 species) in the forest, five species play a particularly large role in this initial phase of forest expansion. Reintroduction of fire, however, would result in widespread topkill of juveniles and the majority of adult forest trees, thereby interrupting the succession towards forest. Conclusions: After 35 years during which the site burned only once, the savanna still remains dominated by savanna species. Nevertheless, the dominance of forest juveniles in border and savanna tree communities suggests that with a continued policy of fire suppression, the forest will continue to expand. © 2011 International Association for Vegetation Science.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01252.x
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