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Title: Fish and aquatic habitat conservation in South America: A continental overview with emphasis on neotropical systems
Authors: Barletta, M.
Jaureguizar, Andrés Javier
Baigún, Claudio
Fontoura, Nelson Ferreira
Agostinho, A. A.
Almeida-Val, Vera Maria Fonseca
Val, Adalberto Luis
Torres, R. A.
Jimenes-Segura, L. F.
Giarrizzo, Tommaso
Fabré, Nídia Noemí
Batista, Vandick S.
Lasso, Carlos Andres
Taphorn, Donald C.B.
Costa, M. F.
Chaves, Paulo de Tarso
Vieira, João Paes
Corrêa, Marco Fábio Maia
Keywords: Animalsia
Issue Date: 2010
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Fish Biology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 76, Número 9, Pags. 2118-2176
Abstract: Fish conservation in South America is a pressing issue. The biodiversity of fishes, just as with all other groups of plants and animals, is far from fully known. Continuing habitat loss may result in biodiversity losses before full species diversity is known. In this review, the main river basins of South America (Magdalena, Orinoco, Amazon and Paraná-La Plata system), together with key aquatic habitats (mangrove-fringed estuaries of the tropical humid, tropical semi-arid and subtropical regions) are analysed in terms of their characteristics and main concerns. Habitat loss was the main concern identified for all South American ecosystems. It may be caused by damming of rivers, deforestation, water pollution, mining, poor agricultural practice or inadequate management practice. Habitat loss has a direct consequence, which is a decrease in the availability of living resources, a serious social and economic issue, especially for South American nations which are all developing countries. The introduction of exotic species and overfishing were also identified as widespread across the continent and its main freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems. Finally, suggestions are made to find ways to overcome these problems. The main suggestion is a change of paradigm and a new design for conservation actions, starting with integrated research and aiming at the co-ordinated and harmonized management of the main transboundary waters of the continent. The actions would be focused on habitat conservation and social rescue of the less well-off populations of indigenous and non-indigenous peoples. Energy and freshwater demands will also have to be rescaled in order to control habitat loss. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02684.x
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