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Title: Breeding biology of the rapids frog Limnomedusa macroglossa (Anura: Cycloramphidae) in Southern Brazil
Authors: Kaefer, Igor L.
Both, Camila
Cechin, Sônia Zanini
Keywords: Frog
Mark-recapture Method
Reproductive Biology
Sex Ratio
Water Flow
South America
Limnomedusa Macroglossa
Issue Date: 2009
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Natural History
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 43, Número 19-20, Pags. 1195-1206
Abstract: Limnomedusa is a monotypic genus that occurs in association with rocky outcrops and stream beds. Based on observational and mark-recapture fieldwork from 2005 to 2008, we report the breeding biology of Limnomedusa macroglossa in southern Brazil. The reproductive season lasted from late August to early February. Tadpoles were recorded from early September to late February. A clear pattern of emergence/recruitment was observed in juveniles. The occurrence of reproductive activities was clearly related to the longest photoperiods, when the highest temperatures occur. Males called from rocky or concrete substrates, mostly under rocks. Amplexus was axillary and the operational sex ratio was nearly even. Spawn occurred in lentic water bodies but tadpoles also completed their development in slow-flowing water. Although using similar habitats for reproduction, L. macroglossa reached lower levels of specialization toward terrestriality than did the cycloramphids Cycloramphus and Thoropa. We classify L. macroglossa as a breeding habitat specialist that would be threatened by river damming. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1080/00222930902767474
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