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Title: Litter manipulation and associated invertebrate fauna in secondary forest, central Amazonia, Brazil
Authors: Santos, Evanira M.R.
Franklin, E.
Luizão, Flávio Jesus
Keywords: Humid Environment
Nutritive Value
Regression Analysis
Secondary Forest
Soil Fauna
South America
Carapa Guianensis
Hevea Brasiliensis
Vismia Guianensis
Issue Date: 2008
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Acta Oecologica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 34, Número 3, Pags. 274-284
Abstract: Plant litter from selected tree species has been used for improving soil productivity in low-input systems of secondary vegetation in Central Amazon, leading to different conditions for invertebrates. Soil invertebrate assemblages were monitored to test the effects of adding litter types of contrasting nutritional quality and periods of exposure on the development of the community. We established four second growth plots with 80 subplots of 3 m2 from which the original litter was removed and replaced in 60 subplots. Twenty subplots received Hevea brasiliensis leaves, 20 others Carapa guianensis leaves, and another 20 an equal mixture of H. brasiliensis, C. guianensis and Vismia guianensis. Twenty subplots were left with the original litter. Litter and mineral soil (5 cm deep) sub-horizons were collected after 45, 100, 160, 240 and 300 days of exposure. The invertebrates were extracted using Kempson apparatus. At the day 210, the litter was replenished to match the surrounding litter. Regression analyses showed no significant effect of litter type, but the period of exposure did affect the community in both sub-horizons. Only after the litter replenishment, the type of litter and periods of exposure affected the community in the litter sub-horizon. Because we tried to isolate the effects of litter composition from other large-scale phenomena, several factors interfered in the experiment and potential problems were identified to optimize the investigation. The sampling design must be improved by using a larger number of subsamples for each kind of litter within each plot. Coarse parameters of Order and Family were suited to detect major environmental patterns on soil invertebrates, but taxonomic resolution to species and/or morphospecies is required to detect more subtle effects. Future manipulations should also be done on a longer time scale, and the replicates need to be spread over larger areas to capture the natural variations within the ecosystems. © 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.actao.2008.05.011
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