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Title: Occurrence of multiple sexual chromosomes (XX/XY1Y2 and Z1Z1Z2Z2/Z1Z 2W1W2) in catfishes of the genus Ancistrus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Amazon basin
Authors: Oliveira, Renildo Ribeiro de
Feldberg, Eliana
Anjos, Maeda Batista dos
Zuanon, Jansen
Keywords: Animals
Evolution, Molecular
Sex Chromosome
Evolution, Molecular
Sex Chromosomes
Issue Date: 2008
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Genetica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 134, Número 2, Pags. 243-249
Abstract: Loricariid catfishes show a predominance of homomorphism in sex chromosomes, but cases of simple and multiple systems were also found. Here we describe two cases of multiple sex chromosome systems in loricariids from Brazilian Amazonia. Males of Ancistrus sp.1 "Balbina" have a modal number of 2n = 39 chromosomes, fundamental number (FN) of 78, and karyotypic formula of 27 m + 10 sm + 2 st; females have 2n = 38 chromosomes, FN = 76, and 26 m + 10 sm + 2 st. Ancistrus sp.2 "Barcelos" has 2n = 52 chromosomes for both sexes, FN = 80 for males and FN = 79 for females. Karyotypic formula is 12 m + 12 sm + 4 st + 24a for males and 11 m + 12 sm + 4st + 25a for females. The two species show different arrangements of constitutive heterochromatin blocks, which are coincident with NORs and absent in sex chromosomes. We suggest a XX/XY1Y2 mechanism for Ancistrus sp.1 "Balbina", and a Z1Z1Z2Z 2/Z1Z2W1W2 mechanism for Ancistrus sp.2 "Barcelos". The XX/XY1Y2 mechanism here reported is the second known occurrence of this type of multiple sex chromosomes for Loricariidae and the third for Neotropical fishes; the mechanism Z1Z1Z2Z2/Z 1Z2W1W2 represents the first record among fishes. The presence of different sex chromosome systems in Ancistrus indicates a probable independent origin and suggests that the differentiation of sex chromosomes is evolutionarily recent among species in this genus. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10709-007-9231-9
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