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Title: Beta diversity in stream macroinvertebrate assemblages: Among-site and among-microhabitat components
Authors: Costa, Shirley S.
Melo, Adriano Sanches
Keywords: Phase Interfaces
Plants (botany)
Beta Diversity
Exploratory Multivariate Methods
Macroinvertebrate Community
Stream Diversity
Correspondence Analysis
Multivariate Analysis
Species Diversity
Submerged Vegetation
Issue Date: 2008
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Hydrobiologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 598, Número 1, Pags. 131-138
Abstract: The benthic macroinvertebrate community is an important component of stream diversity, because its members are fundamental connectors among the different trophic levels of running waters. In this study, we assessed alpha and beta diversities of benthic macroinvertebrates in three stream sites and four microhabitats: (i) moss in the air-water interface; (ii) submerged roots of terrestrial plants; (iii) leaf litter deposited in pools; (iv) stones in riffles. We constructed rarefaction curves and compared species richness among microhabitats for each stream site. Additionally, we evaluated which factor, stream site, or microhabitat, was most important in determining variation in assemblage structure, i.e., beta diversity. There was no significant difference among microhabitats in terms of taxa richness evaluated by rarefaction curves. Using partial Constrained Correspondence Analysis (pCCA), we found that microhabitat was most important in determining community composition, accounting for 42.02% of the total variation. Stream sites accounted for 22.27%. In accordance with the pCCA, exploratory multivariate methods (ordination and classification) revealed four distinct groups, corresponding to the four microhabitats, independent of stream sites. Our results indicated that differences among environmental conditions are much more important in the determination of stream assemblage structure than are differences in spatial location. Accordingly, adjacent microhabitats in a single stream site harbor macroinvertebrate assemblages more dissimilar than those found in a single microhabitat at different stream sites. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10750-007-9145-7
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