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Title: Cryopreservation of peach palm zygotic embryos
Authors: Steinmacher, Douglas André
Saldanha, Cleber W.
Clement, Charles Roland
Guerra, Miguel Pedro
Keywords: Water
Culture Technique
Embryo Culture
Growth, Development And Aging
Seed Plant
Culture Techniques
Embryo Culture Techniques
Bactris Gasipaes
Prunus Persica
Issue Date: 2007
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Cryo-Letters
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 28, Número 1, Pags. 13-22
Abstract: Cryopreservation is a safe and cost-effective option for long-term germplasm conservation of non-orthodox seed species, such as peach palm (Bactris gasipaes). The objective of the present study was to establish a cryopreservation protocol for peach palm zygotic embryos based on the encapsulation-dehydration technique. After excision, zygotic embryos were encapsulated with 3% sodium alginate plus 2 M glycerol and 0.4 M sucrose, and pre-treated or not with 1 M sucrose during 24 h, followed by air-drying. Fresh weight water contents of beads decreased from 83% and 87% to 18% and 20% for pre-treated or non-pretreated beads, respectively, after 4 h of dehydration. Sucrose pre-treatment at 1 M caused lower zygotic embryo germination and plantlet height in contrast to non-treated beads. All the variables were statistically influenced by dehydration time. Optimal conditions for recovery of cryopreserved zygotic embryos include encapsulation and dehydration for 4 h in a forced air cabinet to 20% water content, followed by rapid freezing in liquid nitrogen (-196°C) and rapid thawing at 45°C. In these conditions 29% of the zygotic embryos germinated in vitro. However, plantlets obtained from dehydrated zygotic embryos had stunted haustoria and lower heights. Histological analysis showed that haustorium cells were large, vacuolated, with few protein bodies. In contrast, small cells with high nucleus:cytoplasm ratio formed the shoot apical meristem of the embryos, which were the cell types with favorable characteristics for survival after exposure to liquid nitrogen. Plantlets were successfully acclimatized and showed 41±9% and 88±4% survival levels after 12 weeks of acclimatization from cryopreserved and non-cryopreserved treatments, respectively. © CryoLetters, c/o Royal Veterinary College.
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