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Title: Abundance, body size and movement patterns of a tropical treefrog in continuous and fragmented forests in the Brazilian Amazon
Authors: Neckel-Oliveira, Selvino
Gascon, Claude
Keywords: Abundance
Body Size
Conservation Management
Forest Ecosystem
Habitat Fragmentation
South America
Phyllomedusa Tarsius
Issue Date: 2006
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biological Conservation
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 128, Número 3, Pags. 308-315
Abstract: Phyllomedusa tarsius is a hylid frog that breeds in ponds located in a range of habitats from continuous forests to severely disturbed matrix habitats in Central Amazon. During three reproductive seasons, we followed the movement patterns, measured body size and registered abundance and residency time of this species in five habitats: pasture, Vismia regrowth, Cecropia regrowth, 1 and 10 ha forest fragments, and continuous forest. The frog captures were strongly correlated with rainfall in all disturbed habitats, but not in continuous forest, probably because individuals respond more directly to rainfall patterns in more open habitats. Males in disturbed habitats were smaller than those found in continuous forest, perhaps as a result of differences in habitat quality. Males remained at sites for longer periods in fragments and continuous forest compared to matrix habitats. Here again, the quality and suitability of breeding sites in matrix habitats may be lower than in continuous forest resulting in the need for more movement. We found bigger subpopulations in matrix habitat ponds and a higher percentage of individuals moving among them when compared to continuous forest ponds. Constant movement of individuals among disturbed subpopulations decreases population isolation and increases interbreeding among different subpopulations. No movement between individuals from continuous forest ponds and disturbed habitats was observed. This suggests that the disturbed habitat subpopulations are not acting as sink subpopulations for continuous forest populations. The maintenance of individuals in fragments is more dependent on local conditions for reproduction and on subpopulations in the matrix habitat than on recruitment of individuals from populations in continuous forest. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.037
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