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Title: Relationships between habitat characteristics and fish assemblages in small streams of Central Amazonia
Authors: Mendonça, Fernando Pereira
Magnusson, William Ernest
Zuanon, Jansen
Keywords: Community Structure
Habitat Selection
Habitat Structure
Physicochemical Property
Species Richness
South America
Issue Date: 2005
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Copeia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 4, Pags. 751-764
Abstract: Small streams with acidic, nutrient-poor waters form a dense hydrological system in Central Amazonia. However, little is known about the fish assemblages that occur in these systems. We investigated the relationships among stream size, substrate, and other physical-chemical factors and fish distributions. Fish assemblages and stream characteristics were sampled in 50-m long sections of streams at 38 sites distributed throughout the 100-km2 florestal reserve. Forty-nine species were encountered. The mean richness was similar among sites; however, community composition was correlated with physical and chemical characteristics of the streams. The mean number of species per site (X̄ = 9) was low in relation to the total number of species recorded from the reserve (49) and in relation to the ichthyofauna that has been recorded from small forest streams near the study area. This contrasts with studies in temperate zones where strong patterns of species addition along the river continuum were found, resulting in prominent species richness gradients. The high between-site turnover in species composition and the strong habitat specificity indicate that it will be necessary to create a network of reserves to efficiently conserve the fish fauna of small forest streams in Central Amazonia. © 2005 by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1643/0045-8511(2005)005[0751:RBHCAF]2.0.CO;2
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