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Title: Community structure of woody plants of Roraima savannahs, Brazil
Authors: Miranda, Izildinha Souza
Absy, Maria Lúcia
Rebêlo, George Henrique
Keywords: Community Structure
Soil Property
Species Diversity
Vegetation Classification
Woody Plant
Antonia Ovata
Bowdichia Virgilioides
Byrsonima Coccolobifolia
Byrsonima Crassifolia
Casearia Sylvestris
Curatella Americana
Genipa Americana
Psidium Guajava
Randia Formosa
Roupala Montana
Senna Obtusifolia
Issue Date: 2003
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Plant Ecology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 164, Número 1, Pags. 109-123
Abstract: Patterns of diversity and community organisation of woody species of savannahs in Roraima, northern Brazil, were investigated, to relate structural data with edaphic factors and to analyse floristic relationships using classification and ordination techniques. The species studied refer to an inventory of 45 plots of 150 x 10 m (0.15 ha) distributed in the Roraima savannahs. We identified 13,410 woody individuals, belonging to 30 families, 52 genera and 71 species. The percentage of rare species is high, 58%. The richness, diversity, density and basal area of the studied plots suggest that Roraima savannahs are poor in species. The most important species include element dwarf shrubs (Byrsonima verbascifolia, Tibouchina aspera and Cassia obtusifolia), shrubby (Psidium guianense, Randia formosa, Casearia sylvestris, Erythroxylum suberosum, Tocoyena formosa and Mimosa microcephala) and arboreal (Curatella americana, B. crassifolia, B. coccolobifolia, Bowdichia virgilioides, Roupala montana, Antonia ovata, Genipa americana, Vitex schomburgkiana, Peltogyne campestris, Xylopia aromatica and Himatanthus articulatus). Correlation between edaphic factors and vegetation indices reveal that density seems to be more sensitive to edaphic factors than to basal area and diversity. Density correlated significantly with levels of A1, K and the quantity of sand in the soil. Edaphic factors can explain the distribution and importance of some species, such as: B. virgilioides, R. montana and P. guianense. Classification analysis tended to confirm PCA results, separating Roraima savannahs into three large clusters. This suggests that ecological differentiation is based not only on species density but also on basal area. Ordination describes floristic variation but does not identify all edaphic gradients.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1023/A:1021298328048
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