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Title: Influence of the flood pulse on leaf phenology and photosynthetic activity of trees in a flooded forest in Central Amazonia/Brazil
Authors: Maia, Lúcia Alencar
Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez
Keywords: Flooding
South America
Taruma Mirim River
Issue Date: 2002
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Amazoniana
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 17, Número 1-2, Pags. 53-63
Abstract: This study was carried out over a four-year period in a blackwater flooded forest (igapó) on lower Tarumà-Mirim River, Central Amazonia, in order to verify the influence of the flood pulse on the phenology and photosynthesis of two tree species, Eschweilera tenuifolia (Lecythidaceae) and Hevea spruceana (Euphorbiaceac). Phenology and photosynthesis were monitored weekly. Photosynthetic activity was measured on sun leaves, through infra-red gas analysis (IRGA). Both species are semi-deciduous and their distribution occurred mostly on the lower levels of the floodplains that remained flooded for longer and eventually uninterrupted periods. Monthly maximum mean assimilation rates of CO2 (Amax) are related to photosynthetic activity and leaf age, mature leaves of H. spruceana showed maximum Amax of 9.5 μmol m-2 s-1, whereas for E. tenuifolia the value was 8.8 μmol m-2 s-1. The seasonality of leaf fall seems to be a response to environmental change related to the period of high irradiance levels.
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