Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/19022
Title: Avança Brasil: Environmental and social consequences of Brazil's planned infrastructure in Amazonia
Authors: Fearnside, Philip Martin
Keywords: Biodiversity
Carbon
Project Management
Environmental Damage
Environmental Impact
Aluminum
Environmental Impact Assessment
Infrastructural Development
Nature-society Relations
Social Impact
Biodiversity
Brasil
Carbon Storage
Construction Work
Coping Behavior
Cost-benefit Analysis
Decision Making
Deforestation
Economic Aspect
Employment
Environmental Change
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Planning
Environmental Protection
Environmental Sustainability
Forest
Government
Licensing
Money
Processing
Review
Soybean
Waste Water Recycling
Animals
Cost
Environment
Environmental Protection
Human
Management
Power Supply
Social Status
Tree
Water Supply
Brasil
Glycine Max
Aluminum
Animal
Brasil
Conservation Of Natural Resources
Costs And Cost Analysis
Electric Power Supplies
Employment
Environment
Humans
Policy Making
Social Conditions
Trees
Water Supply
Issue Date: 2002
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Environmental Management
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 30, Número 6, Pags. 735-747
Abstract: "Avança Brasil" (Forward Brazil) is a package of 338 projects throughout Brazil; the portion of the plan to be carried out in Brazil's Legal Amazon region totals US$43 billion over 8 years, US$20 billion of which would be for infrastructure causing environmental damage. Brazil's environmental impact assessment system is not yet capable of coping with the challenge presented by Avança Brasil. Generic problems with the licensing process include stimulation of a lobby in favor of construction before decisions are made on the advisability of the projects, the "dragging effect" of third parties, whereby economic activity is attracted to the infrastructure but escapes the environmental impact assessment system, a tendency for consulting firms to produce favorable reports, a bureaucratic emphasis on the existence of steps without regard to the content of what is said, and the inability to take account of the chain of events unleashed when a given project is undertaken. The environmental and social costs of forest loss are high; among them is loss of opportunities for sustainable use of the forest, including loss of environmental services such as biodiversity maintenance, water cycling, and carbon storage. The benefits of export infrastructure are meager, especially from the point of view of generating employment. Much of the transportation infrastructure is for soybeans, while the hydroelectric dams contribute to processing aluminum. The example of Avança Brasil makes clear the need to rethink how major development decisions are made and to reconsider a number of the plan's component projects.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s00267-002-2788-2
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