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Title: Species richness and spatial distribution of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in streams of Central Amazonia, Brazil
Authors: Hamada, Neusa
McCreadie, John William
Adler, Peter H.
Keywords: Environmental Factor
Spatial Distribution
Species Richness
Issue Date: 2002
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Freshwater Biology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 47, Número 1, Pags. 31-40
Abstract: 1. The spatial distribution and species richness of blackflies were evaluated at 58 stream sites in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Samples were taken along a north-south axis of approximately 130 km and a east-west axis of approximately 220 km. 2. Based on stream-site characteristics, the occurrence of larvae of the six most frequently collected species was highly predictable (79.3-91.5% accuracy in prediction of occurrence). The predictive value of stream size and the presence of impoundments agrees with results of similar work in the Holarctic Region, suggesting a general responses of blackflies to environmental parameters. 3. Although only 19.0% of interstream variation in species richness was explained by a regression model, results suggested that species richness was greater in larger, cooler, faster, covered streams with rocky beds than in smaller, warmer, slower, open streams with sandy bottoms. Overall, the species richness of blackflies (11 species in total) was lower than in the temperate zone suggesting, for some taxa at least, that aquatic communities do not follow the terrestrial pattern of greater species richness in the tropics.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.2002.00778.x
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