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Title: Biogeochemical cycling of carbon, water, energy, trace gases, and aerosols in Amazonia: The LBA-EUSTACH experiments
Authors: Andreae, Meinrat O.
Artaxo, Paulo
Brandão, C.
Carswell, Fiona E.
Ciccioli, Paolo
Costa, Antônio Carlos Lôla da
Culf, Alistair D.
Esteves, J. L.
Gash, John H.C.
Grace, John
Kabat, Pavel
Lelieveld, Jos
Malhi, Yadvinder Singh
Manzi, Antônio Ocimar
Meixner, Franz X.
Nobre, Antônio Donato
Nobre, Carlos Afonso
Ruivo, Maria de Lourdes Pinheiro
Silva-Dias, Maria Assunção F.
Stefani, Paolo
Valentini, Riccardo
von Jouanne, J.
Waterloo, M. J.
Keywords: Aerosols
Nitrogen Oxides
River Basin Projects
Volatile Organic Compounds
Atmospheric Chemistry
Biogeochemical Cycle
Trace Gas
Volatile Organic Compound
South America
Issue Date: 2002
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 107, Número 20, Pags. 33-1-33-25
Abstract: The biogeochemical cycling of carbon, water, energy, aerosols, and trace gases in the Amazon Basin was investigated in the project European Studies on Trace Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry as a Contribution to the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA-EUSTACH). We present an overview of the design of the project, the measurement sites and methods, and the meteorological conditions during the experiment. The main results from LBA-EUSTACH are: Eddy correlation studies in three regions of the Amazon Basin consistently show a large net carbon sink in the undisturbed rain forest. Nitrogen emitted by forest soils is subject to chemical cycling within the canopy space, which results in re-uptake of a large fraction of soil-derived NO<inf>x</inf> by the vegetation. The forest vegetation is both a sink and a source of volatile organic compounds, with net deposition being particularly important for partially oxidized organics. Concentrations of aerosol and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) are highly seasonal, with a pronounced maximum in the dry (burning) season. High CCN concentrations from biomass burning have a pronounced impact on cloud microphysics, rainfall production mechanisms, and probably on large-scale climate dynamics. Copyright 2002 by the American Geophysical Union.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1029/2001JD000524
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