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Title: Scaling effects on hypoxia tolerance in the Amazon fish Astronotus ocellatus (Perciformes: Cichlidae): Contribution of tissue enzyme levels
Authors: Val, Vera Maria Fonseca Almeida e
Val, Adalberto Luis
Duncan, Wallice Luiz Paxiuba
Souza, Fabiana C A
Paula-Silva, Maria Nazaré N.
Land, Stephen C.
Keywords: Lactate Dehydrogenase
Malate Dehydrogenase
Aerobic Metabolism
Animals Tissue
Controlled Study
Energy Metabolism
Enzyme Activity
Enzyme Localization
Metabolic Rate
Priority Journal
Astronotus Ocellatus
Astronotus Ocellatus
Issue Date: 2000
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 125, Número 2, Pags. 219-226
Abstract: Astronotus ocellatus is one of the most hypoxia tolerant fish of the Amazon; adult animals can tolerate up to 6 h of anoxia at 28°C. Changes in energy metabolism during growth have been reported in many fish species and may reflect the way organisms deal with environmental constraints. We have analyzed enzyme levels (lactate dehydrogenase, LDH: EC; and malate dehydrogenase, MDH: EC in four different tissues (white muscle, heart, liver, and brain) from different-sized animals. Both enzymes correlate with body size, increasing the anaerobic potential positively with growth. To our knowledge, this is the first description of scaling effects on hypoxia tolerance and it is interesting to explore the fact that hypoxia survivorship increases due to combining effects of suppressing metabolic rates and increasing anaerobic power as fish grow. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/S0305-0491(99)00172-8
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