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|Title:||Mercury contamination in humans linked to river chemistry in the Amazon basin|
|Authors:||Silva-Forsberg, Maria Clara|
Forsberg, Bruce Rider
Zeidemann, Vivian Karina
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 28, Número 6, Pags. 519-521|
|Abstract:||Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and pH are key variables influencing mercury levels in freshwater biota. DOC complexes with mercury, facilitates its transport to and accumulation in aquatic ecosystems. Low pH favors the methylation and bioaccumulation of mercury in aquatic food chains. Mercury concentrations in predatory fish tend to be positively correlated with DOC and negatively correlated with pH. We encountered a similar pattern for fish-eating human populations in the upper Rio Negro, a black water tributary of the Amazon river. The highest levels of human contamination were encountered in affluents with exceptionally high DOC and low pH. When data from other Amazonian tributaries were included, a general pattern emerged. Hair mercury was positively correlated with river DOC and negatively correlated with pH. No clear effect of gold-mining activities was encountered. The results demonstrate the importance of river chemistry in determining the pattern of mercury contamination in the Amazon basin.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
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