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|Title:||Crude oil exposure affects air-breathing frequency, blood phosphate levels and ion regulation in an air-breathing teleost fish, Hoplosternum littorale|
|Authors:||Brauner, Colin John|
Ballantyne, C. L.
Vijayan, Mathilakath M.
Val, Adalberto Luis
Water Pollutants, Chemical
|metadata.dc.publisher.journal:||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - C Pharmacology Toxicology and Endocrinology|
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 123, Número 2, Pags. 127-134|
|Abstract:||Exposure of a facultative air breather, Hoplosternum littorale, to 12.5, 25, and 37.5% of the water soluble fraction (WSF) of Urucu crude oil, resulted in a rapid increase in air-breathing frequency (ABF) sustained over the 45 min period of exposure. Following 4 h exposure to a graded increase in WSF up to 50%, there was no significant affect on haematocrit, or plasma [Na+] and [K+]. Crude oil ingestion resulted in some degree of ion regulatory impairment, however results were variable. A single oral dose of 3.0 ml/kg of Urucu crude elevated net whole body Na+ efflux and resulted in a 7% reduction in plasma [Na+] 72 h following ingestion. A single oral dose of 3.0 ml/kg resulted in a significant net whole body K+ efflux and a reduction in plasma [K+] 24 h after ingestion. No mortalities were observed in any exposure regime in this study. An oral dose of Urucu crude oil at 3.0 ml/kg also resulted in a 24% reduction in ATP:Hb ratio (from 0.206 to 0.157) and a 31% reduction in GTP:Hb ratio (0.455 to 0.315) 24 h following ingestion indicating that these fish may be hypoxemic. Taken together, these results indicate that exposure of H. littorale to Urucu crude oil affects gas exchange and ion regulation. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
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