Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Litter cover variability affects seedling performance and herbivory|
Ferraz, Isolde Dorothea Kossmann
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 31, Número 4, Pags. 598-606|
|Abstract:||We assessed the effects of litter cover on herbivory and performance (annual survival and relative growth rate in height and leaf number) for established seedlings (·9 cm tall, and ≥4 mo old), of four shade-tolerant, large-seeded, co-occurring Sapotaceae species. Seedlings were divided into three litter treatments: (1) litter addition, (2) control, and (3) continuous litter removal. The mean survival for all treatments in descending order were: Chrysophyllum pomiferum (89%), Pouteria peruviensis (84%), P. caimito (75%), and Micropholis venulosa (40%). For all variables, species differed significantly within litter treatments. In M. venulosa, survival and relative growth rate in leaf number significantly decreased with the removal of litter, whereas herbivory increased. Relative growth rate in height of P- peruviensis decreased significantly with litter removal, while the levels of herbivory were higher with the addition of litter. Conversely, litter quantity had no effect on the performance of C. pomiferum, but herbivory was lower in the removal treatment. Finally, in P. caimito, litter treatment did not affect performance or herbivory. Results suggest that differences in litter quantity differentially affect tree species with similar biology (i.e., large-seeds, shade tolerance) in life stages other than germination and early establishment. The variability in species' responses to litter might be an important factor in determining species richness, abundance, and distribution of tropical rain forest tree species at the seedling level.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.