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Title: Forest management in Amazonia: the need for new criteria in evaluating development options
Authors: Fearnside, Philip Martin
Keywords: Economic Calculation
Environmental Cost
Forest Management
Brazil, Amazonia
French Guiana
French Guiana, Amazonia
Peru, Amazonia
South America, Amazonia
Suriname, Amazonia
Issue Date: 1989
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Forest Ecology and Management
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 27, Número 1, Pags. 61-79
Abstract: Sustained management of Amazonian forest is nonexistent on a commercial scale and is in its infancy as a research front. Systems are under trial in Brazil, Surinam, French Guiana and Peru to overcome technical barriers to sustained production. The low priority that has been given to developing and implementing sustainable systems is a reflection of the low weight given to future costs and benefits in presently-used economic calculations. An examination of presently used criteria in Amazonia suggests that they do not lead to development choices that are in the best interests of the region. Problems include: the lack of connection between discount rates applied to future returns and the biological rates limiting forest growth; inappropriate accounting for environmental and social factors; and common property effects - including the distribution of environmental costs. The result is destruction of the forest, along with its potential for sustainable production through forestry management. Alternatives must be evaluated on the basis of their contribution to the well-being of the present residents of the Amazon region and their descendants. © 1989.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/0378-1127(89)90083-2
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