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Title: Association of anurans with pathogenic fungi
Authors: Mok, Waiyin
Carvalho, C. Morato de
Keywords: Ecology
Comparative Study
Species Specificity
Support, Non-u.S. Gov't
Issue Date: 1985
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Mycopathologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 92, Número 1, Pags. 37-43
Abstract: In a study of 450 Amazonian anurans, we isolated yeasts and yeast-like fungi from 54 animals (Bufo granulosus, B. marinus, Dendrophrynyscus sp., Hyla geographica, H. lanciformes, Ololygon rubra, Adenomera hylaedactyla, Eleutherodactylus fenestratus, Leptodactylus fuscus, L. ocellatus, L. pentadactylus). The internal organs of these animals did not show any macroscopic anomaly nor histopathology. We recovered 105 fungal isolates from the anuran liver, lung, kidney, spleen, heart and gonad. The isolates were made up of 30 fungal species, 9 of which (48 isolates, 46%) were fungi with known pathogenic potentials, namely: Candida guilliermondii, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, C. glabrata, Geotrichum candidum, Aureobasidium pullulans, Wangiella dermatitidis, Trichosporon cutaneum and Exophiala werneckii. Eleven animals harbored identical fungi in more than one of their internal organs; seven animals had more than one fungal species colonizing a single organ. Our findings indicated probable natural subclinical infections of candidiasis, geotrichosis or phaeohyphomycosis, and also symbiotic presence of non-pathogenic fungi among neotropical anurans. © 1985 Dr W. Junk Publishers.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/BF00442657
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