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Title: Turtles and Tortoises Are in Trouble
Authors: Stanford, Craig B.
Iverson, John B
Rhodin, Anders G.J.
Dijk, Peter Paul Van
Mittermeier, Russell A.
Kuchling, Gerald
Berry, Kristin H.
Bertolero, Albert
Bjorndal, Karen A.
Blanck, Torsten E.G.
Buhlmann, Kurt A.
Burke, Russell L.
Congdon, Justin D.
Diagne, Tomas
Edwards, Taylor
Eisemberg, Carla Camilo
Ennen, Joshua R.
Forero-Medina, Germán
Frankel, Matthew G.
Fritz, Uwe
Gallego-García, Natalia
Georges, Arthur
Gibbons, J. Whitfield
Gong, Shiping
Goode, Eric V.
Shi, Haitao
Hoang, Ha
Hofmeyr, Margaretha D.
Horne, Brian D.
Hudson, Rick
Juvik, James O.
Kiester, A. Ross
Koval, Patricia
Le, Minh
Lindeman, Peter V.
Lovich, Jeffrey E.
Luiselli, Luca Maria
McCormack, Timothy E.M.
Meyer, George A.
Páez, Vivian P.
Platt, Kalyar
Platt, Steven G.
Pritchard, Peter Charles Howard
Quinn, Hugh R.
Roosenburg, Willem M.
Seminoff, Jeffrey A.
Shaffer, H. Bradley
Spencer, Ricky John
van Dyke, James Urban
Vogt, Richard Carl
Walde, Andrew D.
Keywords: Habitat
Medicine, Traditional
Issue Date: 2020
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Current Biology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 30, Número 12, Pags. R721-R735
Abstract: Craig Stanford and colleagues review the threats to the world's turtles and tortoises. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.Turtles and tortoises (chelonians) have been integral components of global ecosystems for about 220 million years and have played important roles in human culture for at least 400,000 years. The chelonian shell is a remarkable evolutionary adaptation, facilitating success in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Today, more than half of the 360 living species and 482 total taxa (species and subspecies combined) are threatened with extinction. This places chelonians among the groups with the highest extinction risk of any sizeable vertebrate group. Turtle populations are declining rapidly due to habitat loss, consumption by humans for food and traditional medicines and collection for the international pet trade. Many taxa could become extinct in this century. Here, we examine survival threats to turtles and tortoises and discuss the interventions that will be needed to prevent widespread extinction in this group in coming decades. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.04.088
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