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Title: The role of environmental filtering, geographic distance and dispersal barriers in shaping the turnover of plant and animal species in Amazonia
Authors: Magnusson, William Ernest
Sales Dambros, Cristian de
Zuquim, Gabriela
Moulatlet, Gabriel M.
Costa, Flávia Regina Capellotto
Tuomisto, Hanna
Ribas, Camila Cherem
Azevedo, Renato A.
Baccaro, Fabricio Beggiato
Bobrowiec, Paulo Estefano Dineli
Dias, Murilo Sversut
Emilio, Thaise
Espírito-Santo, Helder Mateus Viana
Figueiredo, Fernando Oliveira Gouvêa
Franklin, E.
Freitas, Cíntia Gomes
GraÇa, MÁrlon Breno
d’Horta, Fernando M.
Leitão, Rafael Pereira
Maximiano, Marina Franco De Almeida
Mendonça, Fernando Pereira
Menger, Juliana Da Silva
Morais, José Wellington de
de Souza, Affonso H.N.
Souza, Jorge Luiz Pereira
Da, Valéria
Vale, Julio Daniel do
Venticinque, Eduardo Martins
Zuanon, Jansen
Keywords: Ants
Community Composition
Endemism areas
Environmental filtering
Species Distribution
Tropical Forest
Issue Date: 2020
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Biodiversity and Conservation
Abstract: To determine the effect of rivers, environmental conditions, and isolation by distance on the distribution of species in Amazonia. Location: Brazilian Amazonia. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Birds, fishes, bats, ants, termites, butterflies, ferns + lycophytes, gingers and palms. We compiled a unique dataset of biotic and abiotic information from 822 plots spread over the Brazilian Amazon. We evaluated the effects of environment, geographic distance and dispersal barriers (rivers) on assemblage composition of animal and plant taxa using multivariate techniques and distance- and raw-data-based regression approaches. Environmental variables (soil/water), geographic distance, and rivers were associated with the distribution of most taxa. The wide and relatively old Amazon River tended to determine differences in community composition for most biological groups. Despite this association, environment and geographic distance were generally more important than rivers in explaining the changes in species composition. The results from multi-taxa comparisons suggest that variation in community composition in Amazonia reflects both dispersal limitation (isolation by distance or by large rivers) and the adaptation of species to local environmental conditions. Larger and older river barriers influenced the distribution of species. However, in general this effect is weaker than the effects of environmental gradients or geographical distance at broad scales in Amazonia, but the relative importance of each of these processes varies among biological groups. © 2020, The Author(s).
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10531-020-02040-3
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