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Title: Tree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forests
Authors: Esquivel-Muelbert, Adriane
Phillips, Oliver L.
Brienen, Roel J.W.
Fauset, Sophie
Sullivan, Martin J.P.
Baker, Timothy R.
Chao, Kuo Jung
Feldpausch, Ted R.
Gloor, Emanuel
Higuchi, N.
Houwing-Duistermaat, Jeanne
Thomas, Raquel S.
Toledo, Marisol
Torres-Lezama, Armando
Gamarra, Luis Valenzuela
Van Der Heijden, Geertje M.F.
van der Meer, Peter J.
van der Hout, Peter
Martínez, Rodolfo Vásquez
Vieira, Simone Aparecida
Cayo, Jeanneth Villalobos
Lloyd, Jon
Vos, Vincent A.
Zagt, Roderick J.
Zuidema, Pieter A.
Galbraith, David R.
Liu, Haiyan
Malhi, Yadvinder Singh
Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes
Marimon Júnior, Ben Hur
Monteagudo-Mendoza, Abel
Poorter, L.
Silveira, Marcos
Torre, Emilio Vilanova
Dávila, Esteban Álvarez
Del Águila Pasquel, Jhon
Almeida, Everton C.
Alvarez, Loayza, Patricia
Andrade, Ana C.S.
Aragǎo, Luiz Eduardo Oliveira C.Cruz De
Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro
Arets, Eric J.M.M.
Arroyo, Luzmila P.
Aymard-C, Gerardo A.
Baisie, Michel
Baraloto, Christopher
Camargo, Plínio Barbosa
Barroso, Jorcely
Blanc, Lilian
Bonal, Damien
Bongers, Frans
Boot, René G.A.
Brown, Foster I.
Burban, Benoît T.
Camargo, José Luís Campana
Castro, Wendeson
Moscoso, Victor Chama
Chave, Jérôme
Comiskey, James A.
Valverde, Fernando Cornejo
da Costa, Antonio Lola
Cardozo, Nallaret Dávila
Di Fiore, Anthony
Dourdain, Aurélie
Erwin, Terry L.
Flores Llampazo, Gerardo
Guimarães Vieira, Ima Cèlia
Herrera, Rafael A.
Honorio Coronado, Euridice N.
Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Isau
Jimenez-Rojas, Eliana
Killeen, Timothy J.
Laurance, Susan G.W.
Laurance, William F.
Levesley, Aurora
Lewis, Simon L.
Ladvocat, Karina Liana Lisboa Melgaço
Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela
Lovejoy, Thomas E.
Meir, Patrick W.
Mendoza, Casimiro
Morandi, Paulo Sérgio
Neill, David A.
Lima, Adriano José Nogueira
Vargas, Percy Núñez
Oliveira, Edmar Almeida de
Camacho, Nadir Pallqui
Pardo, Guido
Peacock, Julie
Pena-Claros, Marielos
Peñuela-Mora, María Cristina
Pickavance, Georgia C.
Pipoly, John J.
Pitman, Nigel C.A.
Prieto, Adriana
Pugh, Thomas A.M.
Quesada, Carlos Alberto
Ramírez-Angulo, Hirma
Reis, Simone Matias de Almeida
Rejou-Machain, Maxime
Correa, Zorayda Restrepo
Bayona, Lily Rodriguez
Rudas, Agustín
Salomão, Rafael Paiva
Serrano, Julio
Espejo, Javier Silva
Silva, Natalino
Singh, James
Stahl, Clément
Stropp, Juliana
Swamy, Varun
Talbot, Joey
ter Steege, H.
Terborgh, John W.
Issue Date: 2020
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Nature Communications
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 11, Número 1
Abstract: The carbon sink capacity of tropical forests is substantially affected by tree mortality. However, the main drivers of tropical tree death remain largely unknown. Here we present a pan-Amazonian assessment of how and why trees die, analysing over 120,000 trees representing > 3800 species from 189 long-term RAINFOR forest plots. While tree mortality rates vary greatly Amazon-wide, on average trees are as likely to die standing as they are broken or uprooted—modes of death with different ecological consequences. Species-level growth rate is the single most important predictor of tree death in Amazonia, with faster-growing species being at higher risk. Within species, however, the slowest-growing trees are at greatest risk while the effect of tree size varies across the basin. In the driest Amazonian region species-level bioclimatic distributional patterns also predict the risk of death, suggesting that these forests are experiencing climatic conditions beyond their adaptative limits. These results provide not only a holistic pan-Amazonian picture of tree death but large-scale evidence for the overarching importance of the growth–survival trade-off in driving tropical tree mortality. © 2020, The Author(s).
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-18996-3
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