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dc.contributor.authorLöbs, Nina-
dc.contributor.authorWalter, David-
dc.contributor.authorBarbosa, Cybelli Gonçalves Gregório-
dc.contributor.authorBrill, Sebastian-
dc.contributor.authorAlves, Rodrigo Paidano-
dc.contributor.authorCerqueira, Gabriela Ramos-
dc.contributor.authorOliveira Sá, Marta de-
dc.contributor.authorAraüjo, Alessandro Carioca de-
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Leonardo Ramos de-
dc.contributor.authorDitas, Florian-
dc.contributor.authorMorán-Zuloaga, Daniel-
dc.contributor.authorFlorentino, Ana Paula Pires-
dc.contributor.authorWolff, Stefan-
dc.contributor.authorGodoi, Ricardo Henrique Moreton-
dc.contributor.authorKesselmeier, Jürgen-
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Sylvia Mota de-
dc.contributor.authorAndreae, Meinrat O.-
dc.contributor.authorPöhlker, Christopher-
dc.contributor.authorWeber, Bettina-
dc.description.abstractIn the Amazonian rain forest, major parts of trees and shrubs are covered by epiphytic cryptogams of great taxonomic variety, but their relevance in biosphere-atmosphere exchange, climate processes, and nutrient cycling is largely unknown. As cryptogams are poikilohydric organisms, they are physiologically active only under moist conditions. Thus, information on their water content (WC) as well as temperature and light conditions experienced by them are essential to analyze their impact on local, regional, and even global biogeochemical processes. In this study, we present data on the microclimatic conditions, including water content, temperature, and light conditions experienced by epiphytic bryophytes along a vertical gradient, and combine these with above-canopy climate data collected at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO) in the Amazonian rain forest between October 2014 and December 2016. While the monthly average of above-canopy light intensities revealed only minor fluctuations over the course of the year, the light intensities experienced by the bryophytes varied depending on the location within the canopy, probably caused by individual shading by vegetation. In the understory (1.5 m), monthly average light intensities were similar throughout the year, and individual values were extremely low, remaining below 3 μ-2-1 photosynthetic photon flux density more than 84 % of the time. Temperatures showed only minor variations throughout the year, with higher values and larger height-dependent differences during the dry season. The indirectly assessed water content of bryophytes varied depending on precipitation, air humidity, dew condensation, and bryophyte type. Whereas bryophytes in the canopy were affected by diel fluctuations of the relative humidity and condensation, those close to the forest floor mainly responded to rainfall patterns. In general, bryophytes growing close to the forest floor were limited by light availability, while those growing in the canopy had to withstand larger variations in microclimatic conditions, especially during the dry season. For further research in this field, these data may be combined with CO2 gas exchange measurements to investigate the role of bryophytes in various biosphere-atmosphere exchange processes, and could be a tool to understand the functioning of the epiphytic community in greater detail. © 2020 Author(s).en
dc.relation.ispartofVolume 17, Número 21pt_BR
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Brazil*
dc.subjectCanopy Exchangeen
dc.subjectCarbon Dioxideen
dc.subjectdew pointen
dc.subjectDry Seasonen
dc.subjectHumid Environmenten
dc.subjectWater Contenten
dc.titleMicroclimatic conditions and water content fluctuations experienced by epiphytic bryophytes in an Amazonian rain forestpt_BR
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