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Title: Growth and survival over ten years of brazil-nut trees planted in three anthropogenic habitats in northern Amazonia [Crescimento e sobrevivência da castanheira do brasil em três habitats antropogênicos após dez anos de plantação]
Authors: Scoles, Ricardo
Gribel, Rogério
Issue Date: 2021
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Acta Amazonica
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 51
Abstract: We examined the growth and survival of Brazil-nut trees, Bertholletia excelsa (Lecythidaceae) under different environmental conditions and levels of canopy openness within experimental plantations in the Trombetas River valley, in northern Brazil. We planted 144 seedlings in three anthropogenic habitats with different levels of sunlight exposition: crop field (100% canopy opening), shrub fallow (20-80% canopy opening) and Brazil-nut forest (< 10% canopy opening). We measured plant height and diameter annually and recorded mortality and resprouting over ten years. The performance of B. excelsa differed significantly among habitats, with the highest growth rate observed at the highest level of canopy openness (crop field). Survival was highest in crop field (85%) and shrub fallow (63%) and lowest in Brazil-nut forest (17%). Resprouting capacity was higher in the crop field, as Brazil-nut plants recovered after fire episodes, with most plants resprouting more than one shoot. Some trees in the crop field began to produce flowers and fruits at 9-10 years. We showed that B. excelsa juveniles are light-demanding, with higher survival and growth under conditions of high light exposure. We suggest the use of Brazil-nut trees for reforestation, restoration of degraded lands and enrichment of secondary vegetation, as long as an adequate management is adopted (e.g., maintaining plants exposed to direct sunlight and control of competing pioneer species). © 2021, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/1809-4392202001462
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