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Title: Do sexual gonadic maturity and age determine habitat occupancy of Canthon cyanellus LeConte, 1859 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)?
Authors: Salomão, Renato Portela
Arellano, Lucrecia
Huerta, Carmen
León-Cortés, Jorge Leonel
Issue Date: 2021
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Canadian Entomologist
Abstract: High-quality habitats presumably have the resources required to sustain relatively high rates of survival and reproduction. We assessed how habitat type and local environmental conditions determine the distribution of individuals of Canthon cyanellus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), an eurytopic dung beetle, according to age category and sexual gonadic maturity. Beetles were surveyed in forest fragments, live fences, and pastures in Mexico. Individuals were categorised into six age categories according to the glandular volumes in males and oocyte number and length in females. Mature females in forest fragments were the most abundant females found among the habitats. Air humidity and soil hardness were positively and negatively related to mature female abundance, respectively. Mature beetles were the most abundant among males, and higher abundance of males occurred in forest fragments than in live fences and pastures. Light quantity was negatively related to the abundance of young males. Compared to forest fragments, females in pastures had larger oocytes. However, sites with higher soil hardness and air humidity had females with lower numbers of oocytes. Our results demonstrate that, although C. cyanellus occurs across a wide range of habitats, forest habitats might host sexually mature individuals, which translates into more effective individual dispersion and potential reproduction. © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Entomological Society of Canada.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.4039/tce.2021.9
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