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Title: Presence of trypanosomatids, with emphasis on Leishmania, in rodentia and didelphimorphia mammals of a rural settlement in the central amazon region
Authors: Achilles, Genevere Reis
Kautzmann, Rafael Pinto
Chagas, Haile Dean Figueiredo
Silva, Jordam William Pereira
Almeida, Jéssica Feijó
Fonseca, Fernanda Rodrigues
Silva, Maria Nazareth Ferreira da
Pessoa, F. A.C.
Nava, Alessandra Ferreira Dales
Ríos Velásquez, Cláudia María
Keywords: Leishmania
Issue Date: 2021
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 116, Número 116
Abstract: BACKGROUND Trypanosomatids are widespread and cause diseases — such as trypanosomiasis, sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis — in animals and humans. These diseases occur in both rural and urban regions due to unplanned growth and deforestation. Thus, wild and synanthropic reservoir hosts living in residential areas are risk factors. OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate the diversity of small mammals (rodents and marsupials), and the occurrence of trypanosomatids, especially Leishmania, in the rural settlement of Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas. METHODS Animals were collected using Sherman, Tomahawk, and Pitfall traps along 16 trails in four landscapes: continuous forest, forest with planting, planting, and peridomiciliar. Leishmania sp. was detected in liver samples by polymerase chain reaction targeting kDNA. FINDINGS Diversity was higher in forests with planting and lower around residences. In total, 135 mammals (81 rodents and 54 marsupials covering 14 genera) were captured. Rodents presented infection rates (IR) of 74% and marsupials of 48%. Rodents in domicile landscapes presented a higher IR (92.9%), while marsupials showed a higher IR in forests (53.3%). MAIN CONCLUSIONS The results suggest high prevalence of trypanosomatids across 12 mammalian genera possibly involved as reservoir hosts in the enzootic transmission of leishmaniasis in the Amazon’s rural, peridomiciliar landscape. © 2021, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/0074-02760200427
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