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Title: Habitat association constrains population history in two sympatric ovenbirds along Amazonian floodplains
Authors: Ribas, Camila Cherem
Aleixo, Alexandre
Laranjeiras, Thiago Orsi
Luna, Leilton Willians
Schultz, Eduardo de Deus
Ferreira, Mateus
Barbosa, Waleska Elizangela Dos Santos
Keywords: Demographic history
Fluvial dynamics
Issue Date: 2021
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Journal of Biogeography
Abstract: Aim: Amazonian floodplains include distinct types of seasonally flooded habitats, determined by the flooding regime and sedimentation dynamics. Some bird species prefer specific habitat types within the floodplains. To investigate whether distinct habitats are differentially affected by geologic and climatic history, we compare population history in a sympatric and closely related pair of ovenbird species with different habitat associations. Location: Amazonian floodplains. Taxa: Synallaxis albigularis and Mazaria propinqua (Aves; Furnariidae). Methods: Occurrence records were obtained from museums and public databases. Genomic data included nuclear loci (UCE) and the mitogenome for 49 samples. SNPs from UCE data were used to infer population genetic structure and effective migration. Mitogenomes were used to build phylogenetic trees and chronograms. Both datasets were used to infer historical demographic changes and test demographic scenarios. Results: S. albigularis includes geographically structured mtDNA clades with a crown age of 250 ka, whereas M. propinqua includes a single clade with a crown age of 38 ka. Effective migration is lower at the base of the Andes for S. albigularis and at the lower Negro River for M. propinqua. Population expansion is detected for both species during the Quaternary, but was steeper and more recent in M. propinqua. Main conclusions: The differences in population histories relate to distinct habitat associations along Amazonian floodplains. Preference of M. propinqua for more ephemeral island habitats may favour local extinctions, leading to demographic change, low genetic variability, no population structure and smaller effective population size. In contrast, more resilient habitats along the floodplains inhabited by S. albigularis may sustain local populations, generating and maintaining local diversity. Our results suggest that climatic variations of the late Pleistocene and Holocene caused changes in distribution and connectivity of the different types of habitats along the Amazonian floodplains, affecting gene flow and population sizes of associated bird populations. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/jbi.14266
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