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Title: Canopy Position Influences the Degree of Light Suppression of Leaf Respiration in Abundant Tree Genera in the Amazon Forest
Authors: Chambers, Jeffrey Quintin
Sampaio Filho, Israel De Jesus
Higuchi, Niro
Walker, Anthony P.
McDowell, Nathan G.
Rogers, Alistair
Gimenez, Bruno Oliva
Rodrigues, J. V. F. C.
Jardine, Kolby J.
Souza, Daisy C.
Keywords: Kok method
Carbon cycle
Issue Date: 2021
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 4; Número 723539
Abstract: Leaf respiration in the dark (Rdark) and light (Rday) is poorly characterized in diverse tropical ecosystems, and little to no information exists on the degree of light suppression in common tree species within the Amazon basin, and their dependences upon plant functional traits and position within the canopy. We quantified Rdark and apparent Rday using the Kok method and measured key leaf traits in 26 tree individuals of different species distributed in three different canopy positions: canopy, lower canopy, and understory. To explore the relationships between the leaf traits we used the standardized major axis (SMA). We found that canopy trees had significantly higher rates of Rdark and Rday than trees in the understory. The difference between Rdark and Rday (the light suppression of respiration) was greatest in the understory (68 ± 9%, 95% CI) and lower canopy (49 ± 9%, 95% CI) when compared to the canopy (37 ± 10%, 95% CI). We also found that Rday was significantly and strongly correlated with Rdark (p < 0.001) for all the canopy positions. Also, leaf mass per area (LMA) and leaf Phosphorus concentration (P) had a significant relationship with Rdark (p < 0.001; p = 0.003), respectively. In addition, a significant relationship was found for LMA in the canopy and lower canopy positions (p = 0.009; p = 0.048) while P was only significant in the canopy (p = 0.044). Finally, no significant relationship was found between Rdark and nitrogen, sugars, and starch. Our results highlight the importance of including representation of the light suppression of leaf respiration in terrestrial biosphere models and also of accounting for vertical gradients within forest canopies and connections with functional traits. © Copyright © 2021 Souza, Jardine, Rodrigues, Gimenez, Rogers, McDowell, Walker, Higuchi, Sampaio-Filho and Chambers.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2021.723539
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