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Title: Do climate changes alter the distribution and transmission of malaria? Evidence assessment and recommendations for future studies
Authors: Cella, Wilsandrei
Silva, Djane Clarys Baia da
Melo, Gisely Cardoso de
Tadei, Wanderli Pedro
S. Sampaio, Vanderson
Pimenta, Paulo Filemon Paolucci
Lacerda, Marcus V. G.
Monteiro, Wuelton Marcelo
Keywords: Nitric Oxide Synthase
Anopheles Gambiae
Anopheles Stephensi
Climate Change
Disease Assessment
Disease Surveillance
Environmental Temperature
Geographic Distribution
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gas
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Mathematical Model
Mosquito Vector
Plasmodium Falciparum
Plasmodium Vivax
Risk Management
Short Survey
Synergistic Effect
Systematic Review
Biological Model
Population Dynamics
Climate Change
Models, Biological
Mosquito Vectors
Population Dynamics
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 52
Abstract: Malaria, a mosquito-borne infectious disease, is considered a significant global health burden. Climate changes or different weather conditions may impact infectious diseases, specifically those transmitted by insect vectors and contaminated water. Based on the current predictions for climate change associated with the increase in carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere and the increase in atmospheric temperature, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that in 2050, malaria may threaten some previously unexposed areas worldwide and cause a 50% higher probability of malaria cases. Climatebased distribution models of malaria depict an increase in the geographic distribution of the disease as global environmental temperatures and conditions worsen. Researchers have studied the influence of changes in climate on the prevalence of malaria using different mathematical models that consider different variables and predict the conditions for malaria distribution. In this context, we conducted a mini-review to elucidate the important aspects described in the literature on the influence of climate change in the distribution and transmission of malaria. It is important to develop possible risk management strategies and enhance the surveillance system enhanced even in currently malaria-free areas predicted to experience malaria in the future. © 2019, Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical. All rights reserved.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/0037-8682-0308-2019
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