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Title: Evolutionary heritage influences amazon tree ecology
Authors: Souza, Fernanda Coelho de
Dexter, Kyle Graham
Phillips, Oliver L.
Brienen, Roel J.W.
Chave, Jérôme
Galbraith, David R.
Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela
Mendoza, Abel Monteagudo
Pennington, R. Toby
Poorter, L.
Alexiades, Miguel N.
Alvarez, Esteban
Andrade, Ana C.S.
Aragao, L. E.O.C.
Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro
Arets, Eric J.M.M.
Aymard-C, Gerardo A.
Baraloto, Christopher
Barroso, Jorcely
Bonal, Damien
Boot, René G.A.
Camargo, José Luís Campana
Comiskey, James A.
Valverde, Fernando Cornejo
Camargo, Plínio Barbosa de
Di Fiore, Anthony
Elias, Fernando
Erwin, Terry L.
Feldpausch, Ted R.
Ferreira, Leandro Valle
Fyllas, Nikolaos M.
Gloor, Manuel E.
Hérault, Bruno
Herrera, Rafael A.
Higuchi, Niro
Honorio Coronado, Euridice N.
Killeen, Timothy J.
Laurance, William F.
Laurance, Susan G.W.
Lloyd, Jon
Lovejoy, Thomas E.
Malhi, Yadvinder Singh
Maracahipes, Leandro
Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes
Marimon Júnior, Ben Hur
Mendoza, Casimiro
Morandi, Paulo Sérgio
Neill, David A.
Vargas, Percy Núñez
Oliveira, Edmar A.
Lenza, Eddie
Palacios, Walter A.
Peñuela, María Cristina
Pipoly, John J.
Pitman, Nigel C.A.
Prieto, Adriana
Quesada, Carlos Alberto
Ramírez-Angulo, Hirma
Rudas, Agustín
Ruokolainen, Kalle
Salomão, Rafael Paiva
Silveira, Marcos
Stropp, Juliana
Steege, Hans Ter
Thomas-Caesar, Raquel
van der Hout, Peter
Van Der Heijden, Geertje M.F.
van der Meer, Peter J.
Vásquez, Rodolfo V.
Vieira, Simone Aparecida
Vilanova, Emilio
Vos, Vincent A.
Wang, Ophelia
Young, Kenneth R.
Zagt, Roderick J.
Baker, Timothy R.
Keywords: Angiosperm
Convergent Evolution
Ecosystem Function
Forest Inventory
Life History Trait
Natural Selection
Tropical Forest
Issue Date: 2016
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 283, Número 1844
Abstract: Lineages tend to retain ecological characteristics of their ancestors through time. However, for some traits, selection during evolutionary history may have also played a role in determining trait values. To address the relative importance of these processes requires large-scale quantification of traits and evolutionary relationships among species. The Amazonian tree flora comprises a high diversity of angiosperm lineages and species with widely differing life-history characteristics, providing an excellent system to investigate the combined influences of evolutionary heritage and selection in determining trait variation. We used trait data related to the major axes of life-history variation among tropical trees (e.g. growth and mortality rates) from 577 inventory plots in closed-canopy forest, mapped onto a phylogenetic hypothesis spanning more than 300 genera including all major angiosperm clades to test for evolutionary constraints on traits. We found significant phylogenetic signal (PS) for all traits, consistent with evolutionarily related genera having more similar characteristics than expected by chance. Although there is also evidence for repeated evolution of pioneer and shade tolerant lifehistory strategies within independent lineages, the existence of significant PS allows clearer predictions of the links between evolutionary diversity, ecosystem function and the response of tropical forests to global change. © 2016 The Authors.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1587
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