Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/16676
Title: Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses
Authors: Steidinger, Brian S.
Crowther, Thomas Ward
Liang, Jingjing
van Nuland, Michael E.
Werner, Gijsbert
Reich, Peter B.
Nabuurs, Gert Jan
de-Miguel, Sergio
Zhou, Mo
Picard, Nicolas
Hérault, Bruno
Zhao, Xiuhai
Zhang, Chunyu
Routh, Devin
Peay, Kabir G.
Abegg, Meinrad
Adou Yao, Constant Yves
Alberti, Giorgio
Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica M.
Álvarez-Dávila, Esteban
Álvarez-Loayza, Patricia
Alves, Luciana Ferreira
Ammer, Christian
Antón-Fernández, Clara
Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro
Arroyo, Luzmila P.
Avitabile, Valerio
Aymard, Gerardo Antonio C.
Baker, Timothy R.
Bałazy, Radomir
Bánki, Olaf S.
Barroso, Jorcely
Bastian, Meredith L.
Bastin, Jean François
Birigazzi, Luca
Birnbaum, Philippe
Bitariho, Robert
Boeckx, Pascal
Bongers, Frans
Bouriaud, Olivier B.
Brancalion, Pedro Henrique Santin
Brandl, Susanne
Brearley, Francis Q.
Brienen, Roel J.W.
Broadbent, Eben N.
Bruelheide, Helge
Bussotti, Filippo
Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto
César, Ricardo Gomes
Češljar, Goran
Chazdon, Robin L.
Chen, Han Y.H.
Chisholm, Chelsea L.
Cienciala, Emil
Clark, Connie J.
Clark, David B.
Colletta, Gabriel Dalla
Condit, Richard S.
Coomes, David Anthony
Cornejo-Valverde, Fernando
Corral-Rivas, José Javier
Crim, Philip
Cumming, Jonathan R.
Dayanandan, Selvadurai
Gasper, André Luís de
Decuyper, Mathieu
Derroire, Géraldine
DeVries, Ben
Djordjevic, Ilija
Iêda, Amaral
Dourdain, Aurélie
Obiang, Nestor Laurier Engone
Enquist, Brian J.
Eyre, Teresa J.
Fandohan, Adandé Belarmain
Fayle, Tom Maurice
Feldpausch, Ted R.
Finér, Leena
Fischer, Markus
Fletcher, Christine Dawn
Fridman, Jonas
Frizzera, Lorenzo
Gamarra, Javier G.P.
Gianelle, Damiano
Glick, Henry B.
Harris, David J.
Hector, Andy
Hemp, Andreas J.
Hengeveld, Geerten M.
Herbohn, John L.
Herold, M.
Hillers, Annika
Honorio Coronado, Euridice N.
Huber, Markus O.
Hui, Cang
Cho, Hyunkook
Ibanez, Thomas
Jung, Ilbin
Imai, Nobuo
Jagodzi?ski, Andrzej M.
Jaroszewicz, Bogdan
Johannsen, Vivian Kvist
Joly, Carlos Alfredo
Jucker, Tommaso
Karminov, Viktor N.
Kartawinata, Kuswata
Kearsley, Elizabeth
Kenfack, David
Kennard, Deborah K.
Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian
Keppel, Gunnar
Khan, Mohammed Latif
Killeen, Timothy J.
Kim, Hyunseok
Kitayama, Kanehiro
Köhl, Michael
Korjus, Henn
Kraxner, Florian
Laarmann, Diana
Lang, Mait
Lewis, Simon L.
Lu, Huicui
Lukina, Natalia Vasil’evna
Maitner, Brian S.
Malhi, Yadvinder Singh
Marcon, Éric
Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes
Marimon Júnior, Ben Hur
Marshall, Andrew Robert
Martin, Emanuel H.
Martynenko, Olga V.
Meave, Jorge A.
Melo-Cruz, Omar
Mendoza, Casimiro
Merow, Cory
Monteagudo-Mendoza, Abel
Moreno, Vanessa Sousa
Mukul, Sharif Ahmed
Mundhenk, Philip
Nava-Miranda, Maria Guadalupe
Neill, David A.
Neldner, Victor John
Neveni?, Radovan
Ngugi, Michael R.
Niklaus, Pascal Alex
Oleksyn, Jacek K.
Ontikov, Petr V.
Ortiz-Malavasi, Edgar
Pan, Yude
Paquette, Alain
Parada-Gutierrez, Alexander
Parfenova, Elena I.
Park, Minjee
Parren, Marc P.E.
Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy
Peri, Pablo Luis
Pfautsch, Sebastian
Phillips, Oliver L.
Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez
Piotto, Daniel
Pitman, Nigel C.A.
Polo, Irina
Poorter, L.
Poulsen, Axel Dalberg
Poulsen, John R.
Pretzsch, Hans
Ramírez Arévalo, Freddy R.
Restrepo-Correa, Zorayda
Rodeghiero, Mirco
Rolim, Samir Gonçalves
Roopsind, Anand
Rovero, F.
Rutishauser, Ervan
Saikia, Purabi
Saner, Philippe
Schall, Peter
Schelhaas, Mart Jan
Schepaschenko, Dmitry G.
Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael
Schmid, Bernhard
Schöngart, Jochen
Searle, Eric B.
Šebe?, Vladimír
Serra-Diaz, Josep Maria
Salas-Eljatib, Christian
Sheil, Douglas
Shvidenko, Anatoly Z.
Silva-Espejo, Javier Eduardo
Silveira, Marcos
Singh, James
Sist, Plinio L.J.
Slik, Ferry J.W.
Sonké, Bonaventure
Souza, Alexandre Fadigas
Stere?czak, Krzysztof
Svenning, Jens Christian
Svoboda, Miroslav
Targhetta, Natália
Tchebakova, Nadezhda M.
Steege, Hans Ter
Thomas, Raquel S.
Tikhonova, Elena V.
Umunay, Peter M.
Usoltsev, Vladimir Andreevich
Valladares, Fernando
van der Plas, Fons
Tran, Van Do,
Vásquez-Martínez, Rodolfo
Verbeeck, Hans
Viana, Hélder
Vieira, Simone Aparecida
von Gadow, Klaus
Wang, Huafeng
Watson, James E.M.
Westerlund, Bertil
Wiser, Susan K.
Wittmann, Florian Karl
Wortel, Verginia
Zagt, Roderick J.
Zawi?a-Nied?wiecki, Tomasz
Zhu, Zhixin
Zo-Bi, Irié Casimir
Keywords: Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Rain
Biodiversity
Biogeography
Concentration (parameter)
Decomposition
Ectomycorrhiza
Forest
Latitude
Letter
Nitrogen Availability
Nitrogen Fixation
Nonhuman
Photosynthesis
Plant Root
Positive Feedback
Precipitation
Prediction
Priority Journal
Seasonal Variation
Soil Acidity
Symbiosis
Temperature Measurement
Climate
Geographic Mapping
Metabolism
Microbiology
Mycorrhiza
Physiology
Season
Tree
Fungi
Climate
Forests
Geographic Mapping
Mycorrhizae
Nitrogen Fixation
Rain
Seasons
Symbiosis
Trees
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Nature
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 569, Número 7756, Pags. 404-408
Abstract: The identity of the dominant root-associated microbial symbionts in a forest determines the ability of trees to access limiting nutrients from atmospheric or soil pools1,2, sequester carbon3,4 and withstand the effects of climate change5,6. Characterizing the global distribution of these symbioses and identifying the factors that control this distribution are thus integral to understanding the present and future functioning of forest ecosystems. Here we generate a spatially explicit global map of the symbiotic status of forests, using a database of over 1.1 million forest inventory plots that collectively contain over 28,000 tree species. Our analyses indicate that climate variables—in particular, climatically controlled variation in the rate of decomposition—are the primary drivers of the global distribution of major symbioses. We estimate that ectomycorrhizal trees, which represent only 2% of all plant species7, constitute approximately 60% of tree stems on Earth. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis dominates forests in which seasonally cold and dry climates inhibit decomposition, and is the predominant form of symbiosis at high latitudes and elevation. By contrast, arbuscular mycorrhizal trees dominate in aseasonal, warm tropical forests, and occur with ectomycorrhizal trees in temperate biomes in which seasonally warm-and-wet climates enhance decomposition. Continental transitions between forests dominated by ectomycorrhizal or arbuscular mycorrhizal trees occur relatively abruptly along climate-driven decomposition gradients; these transitions are probably caused by positive feedback effects between plants and microorganisms. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers—which are insensitive to climatic controls on decomposition (compared with mycorrhizal fungi)—are most abundant in arid biomes with alkaline soils and high maximum temperatures. The climatically driven global symbiosis gradient that we document provides a spatially explicit quantitative understanding of microbial symbioses at the global scale, and demonstrates the critical role of microbial mutualisms in shaping the distribution of plant species. © 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.
URI: https://repositorio.inpa.gov.br/handle/1/16676
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0
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