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Title: Seasonal changes in the use of feeding resources by fish in stands of aquatic macrophytes in an Amazonian floodplain, Brazil
Authors: Röpke, Cristhiana Paula
Ferreira, Efrem J.G.
Zuanon, Jansen
Keywords: Alga
Aquatic Plant
Food Availability
Food Consumption
Food Intake
Water Level
Para [brazil]
Trombetas River
Paspalum Fluitans
Issue Date: 2014
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Environmental Biology of Fishes
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 97, Número 4, Pags. 401-414
Abstract: This study aimed to characterize the food intake by the fish assemblage inhabiting aquatic macrophytes stands, evaluating the changes in food availability among the periods of the hydrologic cycle and the trophic responses of the fish assemblage along with food availability. Fish sampling was conducted in stands of aquatic macrophytes (predominantly Paspalum repens, Poaceae) along banks of the Trombetas River during the four hydrologic periods (rising, high, receding, and low water level) that represent different phenological conditions of the habitat. The food consumption by the fish assemblage was analyzed for 41 species with stomach contents. The assemblage fed mainly on aquatic insects, periphytic algae and detritus. Food availability analysis showed that food resources changed among periods. Fifteen species were present in more than one period and most of those species showed dietary changes along with the hydrologic cycle, feeding mainly on invertebrates in the rising water period and periphytic algae and detritus in receding and low water periods. Only four species showed sufficient numbers to be analyzed in relation to diet and food availability along the at least three hydrologic periods, two of which showed a positive correlation between diet and food availability for three of the four periods; the other two species did not show this correlation, and presented omnivorous habits. In all cases, the selectivity values for the most important food items were near zero, indicating that intake was not motivated by feeding preference. Our results suggest that both trophic plasticity and omnivorous diets are important adaptations for species that inhabit temporally variable habitats such as aquatic macrophytes stands. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10641-013-0160-4
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