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Title: An exquisitely preserved harvestman (Arthropoda, Arachnida, Opiliones) from the Middle Jurassic of China
Authors: Giribet, Gonzalo
Tourinho, A. L.
Shih, Chungkun
Ren, Dong
Keywords: Fossil Record
Functional Morphology
New Record
New Species
Northern Hemisphere
Temperate Environment
Nei Monggol
Issue Date: 2012
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Organisms Diversity and Evolution
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 12, Número 1, Pags. 51-56
Abstract: Sclerosomatids constitute the largest family of the arachnid order Opiliones, and one of the two families commonly found in the temperate regions of the northern Hemisphere. Harvestmen have a sparse fossil record in the Mesozoic, with only two species known from the Jurassic, one of them poorly preserved and none with precise phylogenetic placement. Here we report a new fossil, Mesobunus dunlopi sp. nov., from the Middle Jurassic (approx. 165 Mya) of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. The new species is related to another genus of the same formation, but the preservation quality and details of the penis and pedipalps allow us to place them in the extant sclerosomatid subfamilies Gagrellinae or Leiobuninae. The first recognisable fossil in this subfamily highlights morphological stasis over ca. 165 Mya and the finding of this species along with lacustrine insects suggests a life mode similar to that of some modern sclerosomatids, and a possible connection between morphological and ecological stasis. © 2011 Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s13127-011-0067-x
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