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Title: High beta diversity of fishes in vegetated littoral zones of floodplain lakes in the Cuiabá River Basin, northern Pantanal, Brazil
Authors: Florentino, Alexandro Cezar
Penha, Jerry Magno Ferreira
Keywords: Biodiversity
Conservation Management
Intertidal Environment
Land-use Change
Neotropical Region
Spatial Analysis
Species Diversity
Species Richness
Cuiaba River
Mato Grosso
Issue Date: 2011
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Hydrobiologia
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 671, Número 1, Pags. 137-146
Abstract: This study evaluated whether the alpha and beta diversity of fishes in vegetated littoral zones of floodplain lakes in the Pantanal are randomly distributed on three different spatial scales: within the lake, among lakes, and between regions. Three alternative hypotheses were contrasted: (1) that regional diversity is generated at local scale, depending on the internal environmental heterogeneity of lakes, (2) that the diversity of fishes in floodplain lakes is produced at intermediate spatial scales, depending on structural differences and on the landscape matrix between lakes, and (3) that the diversity of fishes in the littoral zone is generated at regional scale, due to regional differences in land-use pattern and the presence of a geographical barrier represented by the river. Our results indicate that the regional diversity of fishes in the vegetated littoral zone of lakes in the northern Pantanal is a consequence of high diversity at the local level (α) and the wide differences in species composition among lakes and between regions. This suggests that we need to maintain environmental heterogeneity, represented by the structural differences among the lakes and their landscape matrix as well as regional differences in the flood pattern, if we hope to preserve the diversity of fishes in the region. Besides, it is necessary to establish new conservation units at the different Pantanal subregions, which should incorporate a set of lakes with different landscape features such as size, shape, and distance from and degree of connection to rivers. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10750-011-0697-1
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