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|Title:||Biomass and greenhouse-gas emissions from land-use change in Brazil's Amazonian "arc of deforestation": The states of Mato Grosso and Rondônia|
|Authors:||Fearnside, Philip Martin|
Righi, Ciro Abbud
Graça, Paulo Maurício Lima Alencastro de
Keizer, Edwin Willem Hermanus
Cerri, Carlos C.
Nogueira, Euler Melo
Barbosa, Reinaldo Imbrozio
|metadata.dc.publisher.journal:||Forest Ecology and Management|
|metadata.dc.relation.ispartof:||Volume 258, Número 9, Pags. 1968-1978|
|Abstract:||We calculate greenhouse-gas emissions from land-use change in Mato Grosso and Rondônia, two states that are responsible for more than half of the deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia. In addition to deforestation (clearing of forest), we also estimate clearing rates and emissions for savannas (especially the cerrado, or central Brazilian savanna), which have not been included in Brazil's monitoring of deforestation. The rate of clearing of savannas was much more rapid in the 1980s and 1990s than in recent years. Over the 2006-2007 period (one year) 204 × 103 ha of forest and 30 × 103 ha of savanna were cleared in Mato Grosso, representing a gross loss of biomass carbon (above + belowground) of 66.0 and 1.8 × 106 MgC, respectively. In the same year in Rondônia, 130 × 103 ha of forest was cleared, representing gross losses of biomass of 40.4 × 106 MgC. Data on clearing of savanna in Rondônia are unavailable, but the rate is believed to be small in the year in question. Net losses of carbon stock for Mato Grosso forest, Mato Grosso savanna and Rondônia forest were 29.0, 0.5 and 18.5 × 106 MgC, respectively. Including soil carbon loss and the effects of trace-gas emissions (using global warming potentials for CH4 and N2O from the IPCC's 2007 Fourth Assessment Report), the impact of these emission sources totaled 30.9, 0.6 and 25.4 × 106 Mg CO2-equivalent C, respectively. These impacts approximate the combined effect of logging and clearing because the forest biomasses used are based on surveys conducted before many forests were exposed to logging. The total emission from Mato Grosso and Rondônia of 56.9 × 106 Mg CO2-equivalent C can be compared with Brazil's annual emission of approximately 80 × 106 MgC from fossil-fuel combustion. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos|
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