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Title: A Conservation Gap Analysis of Brazil's Amazonian Vegetation
Authors: Fearnside, Philip Martin
Ferraz, João Baptista Silva
Keywords: Biodiversity Conservation
Gap Analysis
Park Establishment
Protected Area
Brazil, Amazon
Brazil, Maranhao
South America, Amazonia
Issue Date: 1995
metadata.dc.publisher.journal: Conservation Biology
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Volume 9, Número 5, Pags. 1134-1147
Abstract: Abstract: Vegetation types lacking protection in the existing conservation units of the nine states in the Brazilian Legal Amazon were identified, and locations were noted where these vegetation types could be protected. Maps of vegetation, protected areas, and semi‐protected areas, such as Amerindian and forestry reserves, were digitized and overlaid using a geographic information system. There are 28 natural vegetation types in the Brazilian Legal Amazon. Locations of new areas for protection were selected using a minimum criterion of protecting at least one example of each vegetation type in each state (here called “vegetation zones”). There are 111 vegetation zones in the Legal Amazon, of which only 37 (33%) have some portion of their area protected. There are few protected areas in the most heavily deforested states along the southeastern fringe of the forest. In Maranhão, where 60% of the original forest had been lost by 1990, only one of 10 vegetation types is protected. Negotiating agreements with indigenous tribes, and to a lesser extent with extractivists who harvest nontimber products from the forest, represents a major opportunity to increase significantly the area and representativeness of the conservation units. Additional conservation units need to be established quickly before rapidly increasing deforestation and land prices preclude this opportunity; otherwise, some vegetation types may virtually disappear. Un análisis de conservación de la vegetación Amazónica del Brasil Copyright © 1995, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.1995.9051127.x-i1
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