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Título: Microclimatic conditions and water content fluctuations experienced by epiphytic bryophytes in an Amazonian rain forest
Autor: Löbs, Nina
Walter, David
Barbosa, Cybelli Gonçalves Gregório
Brill, Sebastian
Alves, Rodrigo Paidano
Cerqueira, Gabriela Ramos
Oliveira Sá, Marta de
Araüjo, Alessandro Carioca de
Oliveira, Leonardo Ramos de
Ditas, Florian
Morán-Zuloaga, Daniel
Florentino, Ana Paula Pires
Wolff, Stefan
Godoi, Ricardo Henrique Moreton
Kesselmeier, Jürgen
Oliveira, Sylvia Mota de
Andreae, Meinrat O.
Pöhlker, Christopher
Weber, Bettina
Palavras-chave: Bryophyte
Canopy Exchange
Carbon Dioxide
dew point
Dry Season
Humid Environment
Water Content
Data do documento: 2020
Revista: Biogeosciences
Encontra-se em: Volume 17, Número 21
Abstract: In the Amazonian rain forest, major parts of trees and shrubs are covered by epiphytic cryptogams of great taxonomic variety, but their relevance in biosphere-atmosphere exchange, climate processes, and nutrient cycling is largely unknown. As cryptogams are poikilohydric organisms, they are physiologically active only under moist conditions. Thus, information on their water content (WC) as well as temperature and light conditions experienced by them are essential to analyze their impact on local, regional, and even global biogeochemical processes. In this study, we present data on the microclimatic conditions, including water content, temperature, and light conditions experienced by epiphytic bryophytes along a vertical gradient, and combine these with above-canopy climate data collected at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO) in the Amazonian rain forest between October 2014 and December 2016. While the monthly average of above-canopy light intensities revealed only minor fluctuations over the course of the year, the light intensities experienced by the bryophytes varied depending on the location within the canopy, probably caused by individual shading by vegetation. In the understory (1.5 m), monthly average light intensities were similar throughout the year, and individual values were extremely low, remaining below 3 μ-2-1 photosynthetic photon flux density more than 84 % of the time. Temperatures showed only minor variations throughout the year, with higher values and larger height-dependent differences during the dry season. The indirectly assessed water content of bryophytes varied depending on precipitation, air humidity, dew condensation, and bryophyte type. Whereas bryophytes in the canopy were affected by diel fluctuations of the relative humidity and condensation, those close to the forest floor mainly responded to rainfall patterns. In general, bryophytes growing close to the forest floor were limited by light availability, while those growing in the canopy had to withstand larger variations in microclimatic conditions, especially during the dry season. For further research in this field, these data may be combined with CO2 gas exchange measurements to investigate the role of bryophytes in various biosphere-atmosphere exchange processes, and could be a tool to understand the functioning of the epiphytic community in greater detail. © 2020 Author(s).
DOI: 10.5194/bg-17-5399-2020
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